The King of the North - In Daniel 1 & 2

Updated: Dec 25, 2019

The "King of the North"  and the "King of the South" feature prominently in Daniel chapter 11. Some in their interpretation of Daniel 11 have taken a completely literal view of the chapter and have failed to see the significance of the foundation laid in Daniel chapter 2 when interpreting prophecy i.e. the transition from local literal events / empires to a global spiritual application. For a more detailed study see the King of the North menu.




The King of the North in Daniel Chapters 1 & 2


The Book of Daniel begins in chapter 1:1 with the literal King of the North attacking literal Jerusalem and ends with the spiritual King of the North attacking spiritual Jerusalem (God’s church) and coming to its end in chapter 11:45. Babylon was the literal King of the North which attacked literal Jerusalem, the place of God’s people. Babylon figures prominently in the book of Revelation where Babylon is here understood to be taken in a figurative sense and not literally.


Daniel 1:1 – “In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.”

Because God’s people had been disobedient, constantly breaking His commandments, the Lord permitted literal Babylon to conquer them (606-605BC). God passed sentence on the last king of Judah, “Thus saith the Lord GOD; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown...I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until he come [Christ] whose right it is; and I will give it him.” Ezekiel 21:26-27.


The book of Daniel traces how the dominions were “overturned” successively - Babylon to Persia, then to Grecia, then to Rome. Each empire would demonstrate its principles and each would prove itself unworthy of dominion. Christ came to our world 2000 years ago but the diadem was not restored at that coming. Finally, the judgment occurs and Christ alone is seen to be worthy to rule, then He “whose right it is” takes the throne. Throughout all, God is seen behind the scenes guarding the destiny of His people and working out His own will so that sin will never rise again. Jeremiah the prophet foretold that God’s people would serve the king of Babylon 70 years (2 Kings 20:17-18; Jer 25:3,9-11). In three raids, the last being in 586BC, Jerusalem and its sanctuary were destroyed.


Note: 

Jeremiah 1:14 “Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.”


Jeremiah 6:22 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, a people cometh from the north country, and a great nation shall be raised from the sides of the earth.  They shall lay hold on bow and spear; they are cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, set in array as men for war against thee, O daughter of Zion.


In Ezekiel 26:7 the Lord identifies Nebuchadnezzar here known as Nebuchadrezzar as the literal king of the North. “For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people.”


According to scripture Babylon is the literal King of the North. It is so because when Babylon attacked Jerusalem it came by way of the North. The King of the North (KON) is, therefore, another name for Babylon. In Daniel chapter 2, Babylon, the King of the North is overtaken by Medo-Persia, then Grecia and Imperial Rome. Imperial Rome then transitions to Papal Rome in the feet of Iron & Clay.


But Papal Rome is also known by another name in Revelation 17 – “Babylon the Great”: Rev 17:5 “And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” Therefore, in Daniel 2, literal Babylon the head of Gold and the literal King of the North gives way to spiritual Babylon, the feet of Iron & Clay. The feet of Iron & Clay representing the mingling of Church craft and State craft – the union of Church & State as seen in the global system of Papal Rome. With the transition from literal local Pagan Rome in the legs of iron to a more global spiritual Papal Rome, Mystery Babylon, then consistency in interpretation demands that Papal Rome is the King of the North.


Babylon or the King of the North is no longer confined to a literal geographic location as was Nebuchadnezzar’s kingdom but is now a global system. This pattern in the prophecy is set here in Daniel 2 is continued in Daniel chapters 7 & 8, a change from a literal and local power to a global and spiritual one.  This is also the case in Daniel 11.


LITERAL BABYLON (HEAD OF GOLD), LITERAL KING OF THE NORTH => SPIRITUAL BABYLON (FEET OF IRON & CLAY), PAPAL ROME, SPIRITUAL KING OF THE NORTH.

The point is, here in Daniel 2, we have a clear transition from literal Babylon (head of Gold), the literal King of the North to spiritual “Babylon the Great” (feet of Iron and Clay), a global entity, no more confined to the literal geography of the Middle East. Hence from our present day perspective, Papal Rome in Daniel 2, being Spiritual Babylon, takes on the title of the spiritual King of the North, long before the angel Gabriel comes to explain the vision of Daniel 8 in Daniel 11.


The Book of Daniel, therefore, commences with literal Babylon and ends with Spiritual Babylon. It commences with the literal King of the North in Daniel 1:1 and ends with the Spiritual King of the North in Daniel 11:45. It is in the framework of the Daniel 2 prophecy that all interpretations must fit. The stone strikes the feet of iron and clay in Daniel 2. There is no other earthly power beyond Papal Rome in Daniel 2 or Daniel 7,8 or 11.


It is in this context and in the context of the VISION of Daniel 8 as explained by the Angel Gabriel in Daniel 9,10 & 11 that we see no place for Turkey or Islam, after Papal Rome.



There is nothing beyond Papal Rome. The literal Turkey view tries to introduce a new power after Papal Rome in verses 36 to 39 (Napoleon / France) in order to formulate a triangular war in verse 40. Opponents of the Papal view agree that verse 36 is Rome but somehow disconnect this verse from verses 37 to 39 and interpret verses 37 to 39 as Napoleon with no scriptural basis for it. Verses 37 to 39 and even 40 hang off verse 36 describing in greater detail the King of verse 36, Papal Rome.  This is the Achilles heel of the literal Turkey / Islam view and like Achilles only death awaits this interpretation.


“The prophecy in the eleventh of Daniel has nearly reached its complete fulfillment. Much of the history that has taken place in fulfillment of this prophecy will be repeated. In the thirtieth verse A POWER is spoken of that “shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.” [Verses 31-36, quoted.]” E.G. White, 13 Manuscript Releases, p394.




The King of BABYLON is the literal King of the North



The book of Daniel commences with the King of the North in Daniel 1:1 attacking Jerusalem and the prophecy ends with the King of the North coming to his end in Daniel 11:45. Note the following in Dan1:1 - "In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it." This King of Babylon is described in scripture as from the North country - hence the appellation King of the North.

Jeremiah 1:13-16 "And the word of the LORD came unto me the second time, saying, What seest thou? And I said, I see a seething pot; and the face thereof is toward the north. Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land. For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah. And I will utter my judgments against them touching all their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands."

Jeremiah 6:22,23    Thus saith the LORD, Behold, a people cometh from the north country, and a great nation shall be raised from the sides of the earth.  They shall lay hold on bow and spear; they [are] cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth like the sea; and they ride upon horses, set in array as men for war against thee, O daughter of Zion." 

Ezekiel 26:7,8    For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people. He shall slay with the sword thy daughters in the field: and he shall make a fort against thee, and cast a mount against thee, and lift up the buckler against thee.   

Scripture uses "King" and "Kingdom" interchangeably.

Daniel 7:17  "These great beasts, which are four, [are] four kings, [which] shall arise out of the earth."

Daniel 7:23    Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.  

Beasts = Kings. Beasts = Kingdoms. Hence Kings and Kingdoms used interchangeably. King Nebuchadnezzar was the King of Babylon. He represented Babylon. Babylon was the King of the North.



King Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon



Interpretation of the King's dream in Daniel chapter 2

Head of gold = Babylon

2:31    Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness [was] excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof [was] terrible.  

2:32    This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,  

2:33    His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. 2:34    Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.  



2:35    Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.  

2:36    This [is] the dream; and we will tell the interpretation thereof before the king.  

2:37    Thou, O king, [art] a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.  

2:38    And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou [art] this head of gold.

2:39    And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.  

 2:40    And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all [things]: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise.  

 2:41    And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.  

 2:42    And [as] the toes of the feet [were] part of iron, and part of clay, [so] the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.  

 2:43    And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.  

 2:44    And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.  

There was to be a second and a third and a fourth KINGDOM. Hence in using King and Kingdom interchangeably one could interpret the head of Gold as Kingdom of Babylon which King Nebuchadnezzar represented.




Babylon was the literal King of the North


Gold - Literal Babylon

Silver - Literal Medo-Persia

Brass - Literal Grecia

Iron - Literal Rome of the Caesars. 

Iron & Clay - Papal Rome - spiritual & global empire


The transition from literal Rome, the legs of Iron, to the Iron & Clay of the feet necessitates a change in the interpretation from literal to spiritual as Rome now becomes mixed with religion which is what clay represents. See Isaiah 64:8 & Jeremiah 18:4-6.  




Literal Rome, the legs of iron, does not exist in its former state but is now represented by a Spiritual and Global empire, Papal Rome - the feet of IRON & CLAY. The literal Rome of the Caesars has transitioned to the Rome of the Popes. But as we shall see this Rome is also known as Babylon in the Book of Revelation - Rev 17:5.




Legs of Iron to Feet of Iron....& Clay


Legs of Iron = the Rome of the Caesars. The feet of IRON mixed with CLAY is a representation of religion united with the state and is a fitting symbol of Papal Rome - a union of church and state. "whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay."  The legs of iron represented the pagan Rome of the Caesars, therefore the feet which is partly iron represents Rome but a different type of Rome following the addition of CLAY. Clay as noted is a representation of a people in relationship to God but not just any people but those professing Bible religion. In other words it is professed Christianity (clay) but still Roman (iron) - the church of Papal Rome.




God is the True King of the North.


MESSAGES FROM GOD COME FOM THE NORTH & THE EAST

Daniel 11:44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.Amos 8:11,12 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the LORD, and shall not find it.

GOD'S JUDGMENT COMES FOM THE NORTH

Jeremiah 1:13-16 And the word of the LORD came unto me the second time, saying, What seest thou? And I said, I see a seething pot; and the face thereof is toward the north. Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land. For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah. And I will utter my judgments against them touching all their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands.


SATAN HAS TRIED TO USURP GOD'S POSITION

Isaiah 14:12.13 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

SATAN HAS SET UP THE PERFECT SYSTEM ON EARTH - See The Beast study He wanted to be God. He wanted to be worshipped as God. He set up a perfect system on earth for this to happen. 

Revelation 13:2 "And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority."

Revelation 13:4 And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?

The Dragon = the Devil or Satan Rev 12:9




Papal Rome the new Babylon - "Mystery Babylon"



Papal Rome  of the feet of iron & clay of the Daniel 2 image is also described in Revelation 17 as Mystery Babylon.

Revelation 17:1    And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will show unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:  

 17:2    With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication.  

 17:3    So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.  

 17:4    And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:  

 17:5    And upon her forehead [was] a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.  




Papal Rome, spiritual Babylon, is the Modern Day King of the North of Daniel & Revelation





Satan has tried to usurp God's position


Satan is the counterfeit King of the North. He has always wanted to be like God. He attempted to usurp God's position in heaven but failed and has set up the perfect system on earth in order to be worshipped as God.  See Revelation 13 study on the Beast.

Isaiah 14:12.13 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

Revelation 12:7-9    And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,  And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.  And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. 

Babylon was the literal King of the North of Daniel chapters 1 & 2. The interpretation of the Daniel 2 image and its various kingdoms remains literal and local until we get to the fourth kingdom which transitions from the literal local Roman Empire of the Caesars to the more spiritual global empire of Papal Rome with more than a billion adherents of that system.  Hence Babylon, the head of Gold, the literal King of the North transitions to a new Babylon, a more spiritual and global empire, that of Papal Rome with the latter, therefore, inheriting the title, KING of the NORTH. 

Daniel chapter 11 must, therefore, remain consistent with the foundation prophecy of Daniel chapter 2 which sees (Papal) Rome as the last earthly kingdom to be crushed by the stone. The head of Gold of Daniel 2 was literal Babylon. The feet of Iron & Clay is Spiritual Babylon, the former was the literal king of the North, the latter, the Spiritual King of the North. Both kingdoms are Babylon according to scripture. Both are, therefore, the Kings of the North. Hence the power that comes to its end in Daniel 11:45 is none other than Papal Rome and not Turkey or Islam as some would like to think.


Similarly the power that comes to its end in the Book of  Revelation is Babylon, the spiritual King of the North, hence the call of the second angel of Revelation 14 and the angel of Revelation 18 that "...Babylon is fallen, is fallen..." "...come out of her my people..." 

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