Revelation 14 brings to view those who will have victory over the beast and his image. Three angels with messages represent the end -time faithful proclaiming the final warning to the whole world.
Revelation Chapter 14
And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Fatherʼs name written in their foreheads.
2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:
3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, [being] the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.
6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive [his] mark in his forehead, or in his hand,
10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.
12 Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed [are] the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.
14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud [one] sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.
15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.
16 And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.
17 And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.
18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.
19 And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast [it] into the great winepress of the wrath of God.
20 And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.
Revelation 13 brought to view the final conflict between the servants of God and the beast, his image and their followers.
Revelation 13 closed with Godʼs people in danger. Here we see them victorious. For the identity of the 144,000 see Revelation 7
Revelation 14 brings to view the servants of God and His final messages to a fallen world.
Revelation 14 precedes the close of human probation after which salvation is impossible.
verse 1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Zion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.
MOUNT SION same as the Hebrew “Mount Zion.”
Mount Sion (Zion) is used to refer to:
1. The hill upon which the ancient part of Jerusalem was built (2Sam 5:7)
2. The city of David (1Kings 8:1)
3. The whole nation of Israel - Jerusalem (Isa 40:9)
4. The place of God’s law (Isa 2:3)
5. The place to which Christ’s followers are come (Heb 12:22-23; cf 1Pet 2:5-6)
Here appropriately the 144,000 in whose hearts & minds God’s law is written (Jeremiah 31:31, Hebrews 8:10, 10:16) are seen on Mount Sion with Christ the Law Giver. Revelation 13 finished with God’s people in deadly tribulation. Here we see the pure woman, the true church, the one that keeps the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus, victorious. These have the Father's name - God’s character (Exodus 34:5-6) written in their foreheads. In Rev 7 the seal of God is placed in their foreheads. In Rev 14 the Father's name is placed in their foreheads.
That commandment of the law which contains God's name is the seal of the law. The Sabbath commandment is the only one which has this. It contains the descriptive title which distinguishes the true God from all false gods. Wherever this was placed, there the Father's name was said to be. (Deut.12:5,14,18,21; 14:23; 16:2,6; etc.); and whoever keeps this commandment, consequently has the seal of the living God, the father's name written in their FOREHEADS. The Seventh Day Sabbath is the seal of God.
verse 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:
verse 3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.
THE SONG OF DELIVERANCE - EXODUS TO THE HEAVENLY CANAAN
“It is the song of their experience.” (LDE p. 268) It is the song of their glorious deliverance which was typified in the deliverance of literal Israel at the Red Sea. See Exo 15:20. Only those who have shared this experience, namely the 144,000, can sing this song.
The plagues of Egypt fell upon a people who made life intolerable for literal Israel, and putting them under pressure to break God's sabbath. Pharaoh was ultimately destroyed supernaturally in the Red Sea when his victory looked assured. God's people then sang their song of deliverance (Exodus 15:21).
Soon the plagues will fall upon an apostate world that will be making the life of spiritual Israel intolerable and putting them under pressure to break the Sabbath. The beast will ultimately be destoyed when its victory looks assured. God’s people will then sing the song of their deliverance.
Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true [are] thy ways, thou King of saints. As God dried up the sea (Ps 106:9) and delivered Israel from Pharaoh, so He will dry up the "Euphrates" (Rev 16:12)which supports Rome and deliver the 144,000 from end-time Babylon. Then, like Israel, they will sing the song of their experience. cf. Exodus 15:21.
verse 4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
There is no defilment in loosing one’s virginity providing that it is in the context of marriage (Heb 13:4). The only “virginity” which if lost results in defilement is one's spiritual virginity. The 144,000 are spiritual virgins, they have not played the harlot. They are not defiled with the false doctrines of the fallen churches of spiritual Babylon. A woman in Scripture is a symbol of a church (Jer 6:2; 2Cor 11:2); a pure woman - a pure church (Rev 12), a corrupt woman - a corrupt chuch (Rev 17). The whore of Babylon has harlot daughters and the 144,000 were not defiled with these harlots daughters - false churches.
Some of the 144,000 may have been connected with the Babylonian churches but they “came out from them” when they learned that to continue in Babylon they would be defiled by them. In chapter 18:4, we find a call issued to the people of God while they are in Babylon, to COME OUT, LEST they become partakers of her sins. Heeding that call they escape the defilement of her sins. Therefore though some of the 144,000 may have once been connected with corrupt churches, they severed that connection when it would have become known sin to retain it any longer. [“And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.” John 3:19]. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth [“For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:” 1Pet 2:21-22
They do no sin. They do not commit spiritual harlotry. cf. Rev 7:17; 1Pet 2:21-22. They will also be Christ’s special entourage throughout eternity]. These were redeemed from among men
TRANSLATED AT THE SECOND COMING
God says of His saints who die and are to be resurrected, “I will redeem them FROM DEATH...” Hos 13:14. Paul laboured, “If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection OF THE DEAD.” Phil.3:11. In contrast the 144,000 are “redeemed from among men,” “redeemed from the earth...redeemed from among men.” Rev 14:3-4. That is, they remain alive to see Christ return and are translated without seeing death (See 1Thess 4:17), [being] the first-fruits [FIRST IN QUALITY - MASTERPIECES OF SALVATION].
Firstfruits not in time but in QUALITY. The term first fruits is used in several ways. Christ is the “first-fruits” of them which slept though He was not first to rise from the dead. Those who receive the gospel are called a kind of first-fruits (James 1:18). So the 144,000 as a special group who go through the last days, being translated to heaven without seeing death, and occupying a pre-eminent position, are, in this sense, called first-fruits unto God and the Lamb.
5* And in their mouth was found no guile They follow “Christ...Who did no sin, neither was GUILE [deceit] found in his mouth.”1Pet 2:22: for they are without fault before the throne of God - “Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present [you] FAULTLESS before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,” Jude 1:24.
When will men behold the presence of God’s glory? “Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the PRESENCE of the Lord, and from the GLORY of his power; WHEN HE SHALL COME...” 2Thess 1:9-10. With this description of the 144,000 triumphant, the line of prophecy commencing with chapter 12 comes to a close.
FOLLOWING ARE THE THREE ANGELS MESSAGES
The following angel is called the first angel because it is followed by a second and a third which is called “the third angel” (Rev 14:9)
TIMING OF THE MESSAGES
The first angel announces that the hour of God’s judgment “IS COME.” (v 7)
There are three positions on this: That it applies to the past, that it applies to the future, that applies now.
This message itself indicates when it went forth.
God’s people could not give this message until they knew this judgment was come.
This judgment was to come AFTER the days of the apostles (Acts 17:31; 24:25; Rom 2:16).
The Reformers DID NOT proclaim that the judgment had come.
This judgment was to come AFTER the Little Horn’s 1260 year reign which ended in 1798. (See Dan 7:8-10, 24-26).
This judgment clearly begins BEFORE the 2nd & 3rd angels’ messages (Rev 14:8, 9) which announce Babylon’s fall and warn against receiving the Mark of the Beast.
In other words we live in the time when this message applies.
The 2300 day prophecy of Dan 8:14 locates the beginning of the judgment in 1844.
This message was first proclaimed by those in the Millerite Movement in 1843. See Dan 8 & 9 studies. “The hour of His judgment IS come.”
In Daniel 8 Gabriel mentions to Daniel a period of 2300 days. Gabriel was commanded to make Daniel understand but Daniel fell sick and Gabriel did not get to give him the beginning of the period and no one understood it. In Daniel 9 Gabriel returned and directed Daniel's attention to the previous vision and began discussing time. He informed Daniel that 70 weeks were determined (cut off) for Daniiel’s people. That is the first 70 weeks (490 days) of the 2300 days were for Daniel’s people. The 70 weeks (490 days) began with the “commandment” of the Persian king Artaxerxes, in 457 B.C. and represented 490 literal years. The first 69 weeks (483 years) reached to the anointing of the Messiah and were fulfilled when Christ was annonted by the Holy Spirit at His baptism in 27 A.D. (457B.C. + 483 = 27A.D.) At that time the 70th week (the final 7 years of the 70 weeks) began. In the middle of the 70th week the Messiah was cut off (killed) ending the sacrificial system and the 70th week ended in 34A.D.
As the 70 weeks were the first part of the 2300 days both periods began together. As the 70 weeks (490 days) represented 490 years and as they were the first part of the 2300 day, the 2300 days must be 2300 years. When begun in 457B.C. 2300 years reach to 1844 at which time Gabriel said the sanctuary would be cleansed. The cleansing of the sanctuary is another term for the Day of Atonment.
Sinners brought a sacrifice to the sanctuary, confessed their sins onto the animal sacrifice then slew it. In this way the sin was transferred from the sinner to the sacrifice and from the sacrifice into the santuary. Throughout the year the sin accumulated in the sanctuary and at the end of the year the sanctuary was cleansed. Those who remained faithful had their sins blotted out whereas those who had turned back to their sin received them back and would have to pay the penalty with their own blood. This process was a pattern of what Christ would do. Those who remian faithful will have the record of their sins blotted out in the great antitypical Day of Atonement. This process began in 1844 at the end of the 2300 days.
verse 6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
“Angel,” Gr. Aggeloi, means “messenger,” either human or divine. These angels are evidently symbolic; for the work assigned them is that of preaching the everlasting gospel and preparing men for the Lord’s Return. THis work has not been given to literal angels but to men. Each of these three angels, therefore, symbolizes a movement of people who are commissioned to make known to the world the special truths of these messages. cf. Matt 28:19, 20; Rev 14:6.
Note: A literal angel may have charge and oversight of the work of each message as the heavenly angels are “sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation” Heb.1:14; Rev.1:1; 22:16.
LAST WARNING MESSAGES
These 3 messages are the final warning to be given to the whole world before the door of mercy shuts. The reason for calling them, first second, and third is because the third is called "the third angel," (v 9) from which it follows that the one preceding was the second angel; and the one before that, the first. As the giving of the gospel has been committed to Godʼs people this “angel” proclaiming the gospel (v 6) must be symbolic of Godʼs people. All three angels symbolise Godʼs people who give the last warning messages to the world. This first message is to go every nation and people.
It has several parts:
THE EVERLASTING GOSPEL
We have all sinned, broken the Ten Commandments, and the penalty for sin is death (Rom 3:23; 6:23) but there is Good News - the Gospel.
What is the gospel?
“For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is THE POWER OF GOD UNTO SALVATION...” Rom 1:16
Salvation from what?
“And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people FROM THEIR SINS.” Matt 1:21
What is sin?
“Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for SIN IS THE TRANSGRES- SION [Breaking] OF THE LAW.” 1John 3:4 “Where no law is, there is no transgression.” Rom 4:15.
As sin still is, the law is.
Which Law shows us what sin is?
“What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by THE LAW: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.” Rom 7:7.
Note: Itʼs the Ten Commandment law which defines sin. “Thou shalt not covet”? Exo 20.
What is the penalty for sin?
“For the wages of sin [is] DEATH; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.” Rom 6:23. Therefore the gospel is the power of God to save us from breaking the ten commandments. Because of His love for us Christ died in our place to pay for our sins in the past and He gives power to keep us from falling in the present (Jude 1:24). Christ graciously converts lawbreakers into law keepers. This power is available to all by faith (belief) in Godʼs promises. (2Pet 1:4; 1Pet 1:5). We may have lapses into sin but there will be a group who believe that Christ has power to keep them from sinning and who will “keep the command- ments of God and the faith of Jesus.” Rev 14:12. The angels continued...
verse 6 Fear God and give glory to Him...
We glorify God by allowing Him to reveal His character in our lives (Matt 5:16) in everything. “Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.” 1Cor 10:31.
As Danielʼs friends glorified God by gaining victory over diet (Dan 1:8-17) before gaining victory over image worship (Dan 3). So the righteous will glorify God in all things including their diet, as shown in the first angelʼs message, before gaining victory over the image of the beast described in the third angels message (v 9). As God gave wisdom and understanding to Daniel & his friends after they overcame appetite (Dan 1:16-17), so the end-time saints need wisdom to understand (Dan 12:10; Rev 13:18; 17:9). No true Christian will defile his body temple. (1Cor 6:19; 3:16-17) by health destroying indulgences such as tobacco, liquor, unclean foods etc.
To fear God means to:
1. Keep Godʼs commandments (Deut 6:2; Ecc 12:13). 2. Obey God (Gen 22:12). 3. Hate evil (Prov 8:13).
4. To hope in Godʼs mercy (Ps 33:18).
Ecc 8:5 Whoso KEEPETH THE COMMANDMENT shall feel no evil thing: and a wise manʼs heart discerneth both TIME and JUDGMENT.
verse 6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,
Not judgment TO come but the announcement of a judgment that “IS” come.”
This judgment was to occur AFTER the apostles time. Paul said that God had appointed a day in which he would judge the world. Acts 17:31. He reasoned of “judgment to come.” Acts 24:25.
He said God had appointed a day when He would judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ. Rom 2:16. He pointed the Corinthians forward to a time when we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ. 2Cor 5:10. James said we would be judged by the law of liberty. James 2:12. Peter and Jude speak of the rebel angels as reserved unto the judgment of the great day, still in the future at that time (2Pet 2:4; Jude 6), to which the ungodly in this world are also reserved. 2Pet 2:9.
The Reformers did not apply the message of judgment to their day. This judgment cannot refer to the execution of sentence at the end of time because two other angels follow with messages of warning. It therefore refers to an ʻinvestigativeʼ judgment which occurs before Christ returns with His rewards. This judgment is described in Daniel 7:9-11 where it is seen to occur BEFORE Jesus returns. Daniel 8: 14 and Daniel 9 located the beginning of this judgment in the year 1844 when the heavenly sanctuary began to be cleansed. This judgment is that which occurs as part of the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary. (See on Daniel 8).
verse 7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
As Creator God is worthy of worship (Rev 4:11). With the evolutionary theory arising in the mid 1800s and now being taught in many churches this Creationist message is timely. This message is a virtual quote from the Sabbath commandment which reminds us that God created all things in six days. As we “rest” on the Sabbath we remember that salvation is Godʼs “work,” not ours.
The evidence of creation is obvious:
(a) Life only comes from life. (b) Information (eg. DNA) only comes from an intelligence. (d) Self consciousness is not the product of unconscious matter, time, space or energy.
(e) Everything that is made has a maker. See Appendix to Rev 11.
Seven times in chapters 13 - 14 worship is mentioned (13:1 twice, 8, 12, 15; 14:7, 9). Only one time however does it refer to worshiping God. (Rev 14:7) which is a quotation from the Sabbath commandment.
To “Fear God” is to hate evil (Prov 8:13)
To fear God is the beginning of wisdom and knowledge (Ps 111:10).
It is to keep all His Commandments which are to be the standard in the judgment (Deut 6:2; Ecc12:13). God knew that Abraham feared Him when Abraham obeyed God (See Gen 22:12)], and give glory to him