Daniel Chapter 8 - The Daily

Updated: Apr 8

Five verses in Daniel contain the "Daily"


8:11 Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

8:12 And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.

8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain [saint] which spake, How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.

12:11 And from the time [that] the daily [sacrifice] shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, [there shall be] a thousand two hundred and ninety days. 



Prophecy follows the repeat and enlarge pattern in Daniel chapters 2, 7, 8, & 11.


Daniel 2

Babylon - Gold

Medo-Persia - Silver

Grecia - Brass

Rome - Iron

Papal Rome - Iron & Clay


Daniel 7

Babylon - Lion

Medo-Persia - Bear

Grecia - Leopard

Rome - Terrible beast

Papal Rome - Little horn


Daniel 8

Babylon Conquered by Medo-Persia

Medo-Persia - Ram

Grecia - He-Goat

Rome - Little horn

Papal Rome - L Horn




Daniel Chapter 8


1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.

And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.

Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.

And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.

And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

10 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.

13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerningthe daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.

16 And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.

17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.

18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.

19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.

23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.

27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.



DANIEL 8 REPEATS & ENLARGES ON DANIEL 2 & 7


Daniel 8:1 mentions the previous vision of Daniel 7.

As this vision of Daniel 8 was given during the reign of the last king of Babylon (Dan 8:1) and the kingdom was just about to be overthrown, the prophecy begins with the Medo-Persian Empire.


Note:

1. The bear of Daniel 7 had one side HIGHER, the Ram of Daniel 8 had one horn HIGHER.

2. The ram is said to be the kingdoms of Media & Persia (Daniel 8:20).

3. In the bear’s mouth were THREE ribs (Daniel 7:5). The Ram of Dan 8 conquered in THREE directions. (cf. Dan 7:5; 8:3-4).

4. The bear of Daniel 7 was followed by a Leopard with FOUR HEADS & WINGS.

5. The Ram of Daniel 8 was followed by a he-Goat with FOUR HORNS that  FLEW. (cf. Daniel 7:6; Daniel 8:5, 8).

6. Daniel 7 & 8 both refer to the “little horn.”

7. In both Daniel 7 & 8 the little horn is seen to:

    a. Rise at the same time in history.

    b. Begin small and become great (Daniel 7:8; 8:9).

    c. Persecute the saints (Daniel 7:25; 8:11, 25).

    d. Exist for lengthy prophetic periods (Daniel 7:25; Daniel 8:14).

    e. Endure the same fate (Daniel 7:26; Daniel 8:25).

Although chapter 7 was written in Aramaic and chapter 9 in Hebrew clearly the little horn in both chapters refers to the same power. Had two different powers been intended different symbols would surely have been used.


THE Judgment IMPLIED - DESCRIBED - LOCATED

1. God appointed a day when the He would judge the world (Acts 17:31).

2. Christians are going to be judged (Rom 14:10; 2 Cor 5:10; Ecc 3:17; 12:13-14).

3. Paul showed that the judgment would be after his time (Acts 24:25).

4. As a result of this judgment Christ determines what rewards all men are to receive

5. And He will return with His rewards (Rev 22:12).

Operating on the repeat & enlarge principle the book of Daniel focuses in on the time of the judgment:

Daniel 2:45 IMPLIES a judgment prior to Christ’s second coming because God does not destroy without first judging.

Daniel 7:9-11 DESCRIBES the judgment as occurring some time AFTER the rise of the little horn but prior to its destruction. Daniel beheld the rise of the little horn and watch TILL the judgment began.

Daniel 8 LOCATES the year that the judgment began at the end of the 2300 days.


Summary of the Prophecy

1. The Ram conquering in three directions - westward, northward and southward.

2. The He-Goat "flying" from the west crushes the Ram, stamps on him and breaks his two horns.

3. At the height of its powers, the He-Goat's great horn is broken. Four others stand up in its place - four kingdoms.

4. The Little Horn arises from one of the four winds of heaven.

5. The Little Horn undergoes a metamorphosis, a change from Imperial ROME to Papal ROME.

6. The 2300 day prophecy is given announcing the Judgment.

7. The Little Horn is destroyed.

A Ram, symbolizing the pagan nation of Medo-Persia, is conquered by a He-Goat, symbolizing the pagan nation of Greece. A Little horn arises which symbolizes the Roman Empire in both its pagan form, the Rome of the Caesars and its Papal form, the ROME of the Popes. The continual spirit of self exaltation in its pagan form, here called the "daily," is "taken away" and replaced by the pagan Papal form, (professed Christianity) here called the "transgression of desolation."


Papal Rome is an earthly ministry and priesthood in competition to Christ's heavenly ministry, judges, condemns and persecutes God's saints, and casts down the truth. A question is asked, "How long?" The answer is unto 2300 days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.  The question, "How long?" that is, how long would this Pagan and Papal oppression of God's saints continue.


THE JUDGEMENT

The answer is, unto 2300 days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. At the conclusion of the cleansing of the sanctuary the wicked and all continual forms of pagan self exaltation will be destroyed and the saints rewarded. The cleansing of the sanctuary refers to the removal of the sins of God’s people which had been transferred within the sanctuary via the sacrifices.  The cleansing involves a work of judgment.  Daniel 2 implied a Judgment. Daniel 7 described it. Daniel 8 locates it...




Ram Conquering All Before It


Ram pushing westward, northward and southward

Verses 3,4 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.


Goat coming from the west

Verses 5,6 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.



He-Goat crushes the Ram

He-Goat crushes the Ram

Verse 7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.


He-Goat's Great horn is broken

He-Goat's Great horn is broken

Verse 8 "Therefore the he goat waxed very great:and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven."




Identity of the RAM & the He-Goat? 


Verse 15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.


Verse 16 And I heard a man's voice [the voice of Jesus, Gabriel’s Commander] between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision [Understanding becomes a common theme from this point through Daniel’s book. In verses 17-26 Gabriel explained almost all of the vision but had to interupt his explanation before explaining the 2300 days because the old man Daniel found it all too much to take and “fainted”  (verse 27). Gabriel returned later, as recorded in Daniel 9:21-27, to continue the explanation. In fact it was only by returning that he accomplished what he had been commanded to do because we note that at the end of Daniel 8, Daniel said, “None understood it.”].


Verse 17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision [the vision was to reach to the end period of the world.

“the vision concerns the time of the end.” N.I.V.

“the vision is for the time of the end.” R.S.V.

As the vision concerns events at the time of the end it cannot refer as some say to Antiochus who died about 160 years before Christ].


Verse 18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.


Verse 19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation [the period in which God allows His people to be oppressed]: for at the time appointed the end shall be.


Verses 20,21 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings [kingdoms] of Media and Persia [Daniel uses the word king and kingdom interchangeably. See on Dan 8:23] And the rough goat is the king [kingdom] of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king [Alexander the Great.  “Philip of Macedon [Alexander’s father] never bore the title of king in relation to Greece, he was only the hegemon [chief or leader] of the association of Grecian peoples and cities. Alexander freely used the title king.” W.H. Boulton, Greece and Rome, p73].



Ram is MEDO-PERSIA

Bear is MEDO-PERSIA