Updated: Aug 6
Five verses in Daniel contain the "Daily"
8:11 Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.
8:12 And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.
8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain [saint] which spake, How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
12:11 And from the time [that] the daily [sacrifice] shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, [there shall be] a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
PROPHECY FOLLOWS THE REPEAT AND ENLARGE PATTERN IN DANIEL CHAPTERS 2,7,8 & 11
Babylon - Gold
Medo-Persia - Silver
Grecia - Brass
Rome - Iron
Papal Rome - Iron & Clay
Babylon - Lion
Medo-Persia - Bear
Grecia - Leopard
Rome - Terrible beast
Papal Rome - Little horn
Babylon has been conquered by Medo-Persia
Medo-Persia - Ram
Grecia - He-Goat
Rome - Little horn
Papal Rome - Little Horn
DANIEL CHAPTER 8
1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.
2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.
6 And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.
7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.
10 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.
12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerningthe daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.
16 And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.
17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.
18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.
19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.
20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.
21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.
27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.
DANIEL 8 REPEATS & ENLARGES ON DANIEL 2 & 7
Daniel 8:1 mentions the previous vision of Daniel 7.
As this vision of Daniel 8 was given during the reign of the last king of Babylon (Dan 8:1) and the kingdom was just about to be overthrown, the prophecy begins with the Medo-Persian Empire.
1. The bear of Daniel 7 had one side HIGHER, the Ram of Daniel 8 had one horn HIGHER.
2. The ram is said to be the kingdoms of Media & Persia (Daniel 8:20).
3. In the bear’s mouth were THREE ribs (Daniel 7:5). The Ram of Dan 8 conquered in THREE directions. (cf. Dan 7:5; 8:3-4).
4. The bear of Daniel 7 was followed by a Leopard with FOUR HEADS & WINGS.
5. The Ram of Daniel 8 was followed by a he-Goat with FOUR HORNS that FLEW. (cf. Daniel 7:6; Daniel 8:5, 8).
6. Daniel 7 & 8 both refer to the “little horn.”
7. In both Daniel 7 & 8 the little horn is seen to:
a. Rise at the same time in history.
b. Begin small and become great (Daniel 7:8; 8:9).
c. Persecute the saints (Daniel 7:25; 8:11, 25).
d. Exist for lengthy prophetic periods (Daniel 7:25; Daniel 8:14).
e. Endure the same fate (Daniel 7:26; Daniel 8:25).
Although chapter 7 was written in Aramaic and chapter 9 in Hebrew clearly the little horn in both chapters refers to the same power. Had two different powers been intended different symbols would surely have been used.
THE Judgment IMPLIED - DESCRIBED - LOCATED
1. God appointed a day when the He would judge the world (Acts 17:31).
2. Christians are going to be judged (Rom 14:10; 2 Cor 5:10; Ecc 3:17; 12:13-14).
3. Paul showed that the judgment would be after his time (Acts 24:25).
4. As a result of this judgment Christ determines what rewards all men are to receive
5. And He will return with His rewards (Rev 22:12).
Operating on the repeat & enlarge principle the book of Daniel focuses in on the time of the judgment:
Daniel 2:45 IMPLIES a judgment prior to Christ’s second coming because God does not destroy without first judging.
Daniel 7:9-11 DESCRIBES the judgment as occurring some time AFTER the rise of the little horn but prior to its destruction. Daniel beheld the rise of the little horn and watch TILL the judgment began.
Daniel 8 LOCATES the year that the judgment began at the end of the 2300 days.
Summary of the Prophecy
1. The Ram conquering in three directions - westward, northward and southward.
2. The He-Goat "flying" from the west crushes the Ram, stamps on him and breaks his two horns.
3. At the height of its powers, the He-Goat's great horn is broken. Four others stand up in its place - four kingdoms.
4. The Little Horn arises from one of the four winds of heaven.
5. The Little Horn undergoes a metamorphosis, a change from Imperial ROME to Papal ROME.
6. The 2300 day prophecy is given announcing the Judgment.
7. The Little Horn is destroyed.
A Ram, symbolizing the pagan nation of Medo-Persia, is conquered by a He-Goat, symbolizing the pagan nation of Greece. A Little horn arises which symbolizes the Roman Empire in both its pagan form, the Rome of the Caesars and its Papal form, the ROME of the Popes. The continual spirit of self exaltation in its pagan form, here called the "daily," is "taken away" and replaced by the pagan Papal form, (professed Christianity) here called the "transgression of desolation."
Papal Rome is an earthly ministry and priesthood in competition to Christ's heavenly ministry, judges, condemns and persecutes God's saints, and casts down the truth. A question is asked, "How long?" The answer is unto 2300 days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. The question, "How long?" that is, how long would this Pagan and Papal oppression of God's saints continue.
The answer is, unto 2300 days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. At the conclusion of the cleansing of the sanctuary the wicked and all continual forms of pagan self exaltation will be destroyed and the saints rewarded. The cleansing of the sanctuary refers to the removal of the sins of God’s people which had been transferred within the sanctuary via the sacrifices. The cleansing involves a work of judgment. Daniel 2 implied a Judgment. Daniel 7 described it. Daniel 8 locates it...
RAM CONQUERS ALL BEFORE IT
Verses 3,4 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
HE-GOAT MOVES SO FAST HIS FEET DOESN'T TOUCH THE GROUND
Verses 5,6 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.
THE HE-GOAT CRUSHES THE RAM
Verse 7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
HE-GOAT'S GREAT HORN IS BROKEN
Verse 8 "Therefore the he goat waxed very great:and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven."
IDENTITY OF THE RAM & THE HE-GOAT
Verse 15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.
Verse 16 And I heard a man's voice [the voice of Jesus, Gabriel’s Commander] between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision [Understanding becomes a common theme from this point through Daniel’s book. In verses 17-26 Gabriel explained almost all of the vision but had to interupt his explanation before explaining the 2300 days because the old man Daniel found it all too much to take and “fainted” (verse 27). Gabriel returned later, as recorded in Daniel 9:21-27, to continue the explanation. In fact it was only by returning that he accomplished what he had been commanded to do because we note that at the end of Daniel 8, Daniel said, “None understood it.”].
Verse 17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision [the vision was to reach to the end period of the world.
“the vision concerns the time of the end.” N.I.V.
“the vision is for the time of the end.” R.S.V.
As the vision concerns events at the time of the end it cannot refer as some say to Antiochus who died about 160 years before Christ].
Verse 18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.
Verse 19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation [the period in which God allows His people to be oppressed]: for at the time appointed the end shall be.
Verses 20,21 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings [kingdoms] of Media and Persia [Daniel uses the word king and kingdom interchangeably. See on Dan 8:23] And the rough goat is the king [kingdom] of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king [Alexander the Great. “Philip of Macedon [Alexander’s father] never bore the title of king in relation to Greece, he was only the hegemon [chief or leader] of the association of Grecian peoples and cities. Alexander freely used the title king.” W.H. Boulton, Greece and Rome, p73].
Verse 22 Now that being broken [when Alexander died], whereas four [horns. v 8] stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power [horns here are said to represent kingdoms. Alexander’s nation was divided into four kingdoms by four of his generals:
Antiochus Epiphanes is often said to be the little horn but as he was actually one of the kings of the Seleucid horn/kingdom, he could not at the same time be the little horn]
verse 23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king
[KING = KINGDOM
The little horn is here called a king. but this does not neccessarily mean that one individual is meant. Daniel uses “king” to mean “kingdom.”
(a) In Dan 8:22 four horn are said to be four “kingdoms.” If four horns are four kingdoms, one horn must be one kingdom As Daniel says horns represent kingdoms, why then does he also say that a horn is a king? The answer is, Daniel uses king & kingdom interchangeably.
(b) Dan 8:20 “The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.” Now as these two horns existed from the rise of the Medo-Persian empire (Dan 8:3-4, about 538 B.C.) and existed on until they were broken by Alexander the Great over 200 years later in 331 B.C., they cannot be two individual kings but must represent the kingdoms of Media & Persia. By “kings” Daniel obviously means kingdoms - a sequence of kings.
(c) In Dan 2:38 the golden head of the image first refers to a king, king Nebuchadnezzar, and then it refers to a kingdom for in Dan 2:39 Daniel says to Nebuchadnezzar, after thee shall rise ANOTHER KINGDOM [malkuw],” which shows that king Nebuchadnezzar represented the KINGDOM of Babylon .
(d) In Dan 7:17 the four beast are first said to be four “kings [melek], and then later four kingdoms [malkuw]. (Dan 7:23).
(e) Jeremiah prophesied that the Jews would “serve the king [melek] of Babylon 70 years.” Jer 25:11. As the Jews did not serve any one Babylonian king for 70 years, the “king” must mean kingdom of Babylon, i.e. a succession of kings. Therefore it cannot be said that because Daniel calls the littlehorn a “king [melek]” it cannot be a kingdom.
(f) The characteristics of the little horn in Dan 8 show it to be the same power as the little horn in Dan 7 which is to be destroyed at the second coming (Dan 7:21-22, 26-27; Dan 8:25). As the little horn arose “in the latter time” of the Grecian divisions of Alexander’s empire and exist until its destruction at the second coming it cannot refer to one king]
of fierce countenance [Rome. Dan 2 & 7 set the precedent that Rome is the power that succeeds Greece],
and understanding dark sentences [speaking deceitfully in a language, Latin, which the Jews did not generally understand. cf. Deut 28:48-50.
“skilled in intrigue.” N.A.S.B.
“A master of strategem.” N.E.B.],
shall stand up [come to power. Rome arose to power in the later time of the divided Grecian kingdom].
Verse 24 And his [Rome’s]
power shall be mighty, but not by his own power [Many nations placed themselves under the mighty Roman Empire]:
and he [Rome]
shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper [cf. Dan 11:36],
and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people [Pagan Rome slew multitudes of God’s people. Papal Rome slew millions through the Dark Ages].
Verse 25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft [deceit]
to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart [the Roman emperor as a divine being, the Pope as “another god on earth.”],
and by peace shall destroy many [while many live in ease, and by resolving national differences Rome gained control of many]:
he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes [Pagan Rome crucified Christ (Acts 4:26-27; Ps 2:1). Papal Rome does contrary to Christ’s will and persecuted His people. As Antiochus died over 150 years before Christ he cannot be the little horn];
but he [Rome in its final papal phase]
shall be broken without hand [destroyed supernaturally at the Second Coming. cf. Dan 2:45. “Without hand” means by Divine power. See Col 2:11; Heb 9:24.
Paul had reasoned with the Thessalonians “out of the Scriptures (Acts 17:2) about the taking away of a power, pagan Rome, in order to make way for “the man of sin” who is to be destroyed supernaturally (2 Thess 2:4-8).
The reason Paul did not define the withholder in this epistle is because he risked being accussed of sedition & treason had the letter fallen into the wrong hands].
Verse 26 And the vision [Heb. ‘mareh’]
of the evening and the morning [Why is this phrase slightly different than in Dan 8:14 where it is simply “evening morning”? Because Dan 8:14 gives the prediction but here in Dan 8:26 Gabriel is referring back to it and he names it as one might name an object. Gabriel was not giving a prediction but simply referring to the prophetic period as “the evening and the morning.”]
which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision [Heb. ‘chazown’ the whole vision of Dan 8. cf. v 1. Gabriel, who commanded the vision to be shut up returned later (Dan 9) and opened the vision for discussion. In fact Gabriel had been commanded to make Daniel understand. He expalined all in Dan 8 except the 2300 days because Daniel found it all too much to take in and he “fainted” (v 27).
Shutting up the vision meant that it could not then be understood. cf. Dan 12:4];
for it shall be for many days [the vision reached into "the time of the end" long after Daniel’s day. v 17].
Verse 27 And I Daniel fainted [It was too much for the aged prophet Daniel and he fainted before Gabriel could give him understand as to when the 2300 days began],
and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished [appalled]
at the vision, but none understood it [Most of the vision could clearly be understood but Daniel did not understand the 2300 days as Gabriel had not had opportunity to tell him when it was to begin. Gabriel returned in chapter 9 and it is there we will “understand” the 2300 days].
The Ram is Medo-Persia - Daniel 8
The Bear is Medo-Persia - Daniel 7
The He-Goat is Grecia - Daniel 8
The Leopard is Grecia - Daniel 7
The Bear of Daniel 7 had one side HIGHER
The Ram of Daniel 8 had one horn HIGHER.
The Persians were the stronger in this coalition.
Darius (Medes) and Cyrus (Persians) overthrew Babylon in Daniel chap 5:31.
Cyrus eventually took over from Darius.
The Ram is said to be Media & Persia (Daniel 8:20).
The Ram of Daniel 8 conquered in THREE directions. (cf. Daniell 7:5; 8:3-4).
The Bear of Daniel 7 had THREE ribs in its mouth (Daniel 7:5)
The Bear devoured three beasts or kingdoms (beasts, a symbol of nations)
The bear of Daniel 7 was followed by a Leopard with 4 HEADS & WINGS*.
Ram followed by He-Goat with 4 HORNS that "FLEW". (cf. Daniel 7:6; 8:5, 8).
The He-Goat moved so fast in conquests, it's feet did not touch the ground.
*Wings denote speed.
ROME, THE LITTLE HORN, EMERGES
The Great horn of the HE-GOAT symbolising the first King, Alexander the Great, is broken (Alexander dies) and in its place arises four other horns. The Grecian Empire of Alexander did not go to his posterity but was divided among his four generals.
Daniel 8:9-13, which describe the little horn, have unusual gender changes. Nouns (words for objects) in Hebrew have grammatical gender (they are considered to be either masculine (m), feminine (f), or neuter (m or f).
Verse 9 "And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land." It is a rule in the many languages that use grammatical gender, that the pronouns (words standing for something) must agree with their antecendant nouns (the thing they stand for) in being similarly masculine, feminine, or neuter. e.g. in English we think of a ship (the noun) as feminine and must refer to a ship with the feminine pronoun 'she' and 'her.'
Did the Little horn arise from one of the four horns of Alexander's Empire or from one of the "four winds of heaven", i.e from one of the four directions of the compass?
Grammatical gender changes favours the little horn emerging from one of the "four winds of heaven", and not from one of the horns of Alexander's empire ruling out Antiochus Epiphanes from the Seleucid line as the little horn of Daniel 8. See footnotes
THE LITTLE HORNS OF DANIEL 7 & 8 ARE THE SAME POWER
(a) The same symbol of a little horn indicates that this is the same power described as a little horn in Daniel chapter 7.
(b) Both begin small and become great (Dan 7:8 & Dan 8:9)
(c) Both are blasphemous (Dan 7:8, 25 & Dan 8:11, 25)
(d) Both persecute the saints (Dan 7:21, 25 & Dan 8:11, 25)
(e) Both endure for long periods of prophetic time (Dan 7:25 & Dan 8:11, 25)
(f) Both suffer a similar fate ((Dan 7:26 & Dan 8:25)
In Daniel and Revelation it is not uncommon to use the one symbol to represent Rome in its Pagan and Papal phases.
Note the symbol of the LITTLE HORN in Daniel 8 is used to represent ROME in both its Pagan and Papal forms.
In Daniel 7, the fourth beast with ten horns was ROME and out of that fourth beast's head springs forth the little horn, therefore, one can say the same beast represented ROME in its Pagan and Papal forms.
Similarly in Daniel 11, the KING of the NORTH is symbolic of both the Rome of the Caesars and Papal Rome.
Likewise in Revelation 12, the Dragon with seven heads and ten horns is a symbol not only of Satan but of Rome which Satan used to try and kill the infant Jesus and also of the persecuting power of Papal Rome as the Dragon sends forth a flood after the woman (God's true church) to try and destroy her - One symbol representing the same power in its different phases or forms.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LITTLE HORN DEMONSTRATE IT IS ROME
1. Persia was “great” (verse 4), Greece was “very great” (verse 8) but the Little Horn became greater than either. ROME became “EXCEEDING great.” (verse 9). ROME superseded Greece.
2. The little horn came from the WEST, grew toward the south, east and toward the pleasant land (Palestine). Rome came from the West conquering South (Egypt 168BC. Made a province in 30BC), East (Syria 65BC) and the pleasant land (Palestine 63BC).
3. The Little Horn destroyed many of God’s people (verses 10, 24). ROME did.
4. The Little Horn “magnified himself even to the Prince of the host” (verse 11) that is he would “stand up against the Prince of Princes” (verse 25). It was ROME that stood up against Christ and crucified Him. See Acts 4:26-27.
5. The Little Horn came to power in the latter time (verse 23) of the divisions of Grecia. ROME did come to power after the division of the Grecian kingdom and in the latter time of those four divisions. The Little horn is to be “broken (destroyed) without hand.” (verse 25) that is destroyed supernaturally, not by human hand. This will occur at the Second Coming of Christ (See Daniel 2:45). As the Little Horn stood up against Christ and will exist till the Second Coming it cannot refer to any one man such as the Syrian King, Antiochus Epiphanes. It refers to Rome in its Pagan and Papal phases.
Verse 10 "And it (Rome) waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them." Verse 24 interprets this, “...he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.” Rome persecuted and killed many of God’s people. In AD70 Rome slew more than a million Jews and levelled the city of Jerusalem. Destroying is a characteristic of Rome as presented in Daniel.
THE DAILY OF DANIEL 8,11 & 12
Verse 11 "Yea, he (m) (Rome) magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by (from) him (Pagan Rome) the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down"
The prince of the host is the “Prince of princes” (cf. Daniel 8:25), a term similar to the “Lord of lords” (Ps 136:3) and the “King of kings” (Rev 19:16).
Josh 5:14, margin shows the Prince of the host is the Lord. It was Pagan Rome that stood up against Christ, condemned him and crucified Him (Acts 4:26-27; Ps 2:1)], Papal Rome has killed many of God’s people as well, which Christ regards as having been against him (Matt 25:40). Papal Rome has also admitted to having overthrown some of Christ’s teachings.
...and by him (m) [Rome pagan] The margin reads, “from him”, i.e. from Pagan Rome] the daily [sacrifice] was taken away. Because this chapter mentions many items of the sanctuary (Sacrificial animals etc.) some think that the “continual” refers to some aspect of the sanctuary and for this reason most translations add the word “sacrifice” or similar. However the word sacrifice is not in the original. The KJV shows this by placing it in italics.
The "daily" means the "continual."
The words translated “the daily” (Heb. hattamid) are elsewhere translated “the continual.” Hattamid signifies something continual without giving us the subject.
What is the daily (the continual)?
The continual self exaltation spirit of Paganism.
Supporting the identification of the daily as evil is the fact that Daniel 8 uses the Hebrew gadal, “TO EXALT,” 5 times:
1. First the ram became GREAT (8:4),
2. Second, the goat grew VERY GREAT (8:8),
3. Third, the little horn (masc.) grew EXCEEDINGLY GREAT (8:9),
4. Fourth, the little horn (fem.) EXALTED to heaven (8:9) and
5. Fifth, the little horn (masc.) even EXALTED himself to the Prince of the host (8:11).
The spirit of CONTINUAL SELF-EXALTATION is a major theme in Daniel 8, and even his whole book! There is a continual competition among powers to exalt themselves above each other and even above God.
Dan 8:11. “Even unto the Prince of the Host he exalted himself: and (from) marginal reading] him the daily was taken away…” This pagan spirit of self exaltation began in heaven with Lucifer and is manifested in every King / Kingdom of Bible Prophecy.
Contrast this with the selflessness and humility of Christ.
THE SELF EXALTATION OF PAGANISM
LUCIFER (the Fallen Angel called Satan)
Isaiah 14:12-14 "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High."
Five times we see Lucifer the fallen angel exalt himself.
1. I will ascend into heaven
2. I will exalt my throne above the stars of God:
3. I will sit also upon the mount.....,
4. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds;
5. I will be like the most High."
THE SELF-LESSNESS OF CHRISTIANITY
"Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross."
Five times we see Christ humble himself in the spirit of selflessness.
I. made himself of no reputation,
2. took upon him the form of a servant,
3. made in the likeness of men:
4. being found in fashion as a man,
5. he humbled himself, and became obedient
The word translated "TAKEN AWAY" in Daniel 8:11 is the Heb. "ruwm", which means lift up, exalt or take up every other time Daniel used it (Dan 11:12, 36; 12:7). The little horn would TAKE UP, LIFT UP, EXALT the continual (DAILY)
The word translated “TAKE AWAY” in Daniel 11:31; 12:11 is from the Hebrew "suwr", which means to literally take away. If there is a subtle truth in Daniel’s use of two similar but different words what is it?
Papal Rome by the help of its forces TOOK AWAY the supremacy of previous self exalting PAGAN systems (Daniel 11:31; 12:11) while itself TAKING UP the essence of self exaltation of the same powers (Daniel 8:11). Paganism while seen to be vanquished continued on ink another form - Papal Rome.
A counterfeit - By His death Christ TOOK AWAY the continual ministry of the Levitical priesthood while TAKING UP the spirit of self-sacrifice into His continual heavenly ministry, so the Papacy took away previous self-exalting systems while taking up the spirit of self-exaltation.
From whom was the day taken away? From the Prince of the host or from the little horn?
Verse 11 shows that the daily was taken away from the one who had the place of their sanctuary (miqdash) cast down.
verse 11 ...and the place [Heb. makown] of his sanctuary was cast down.
Note that THE PLACE of his sanctuary, NOT the sanctuary itself, was cast down.
The word place is from the Hebrew. makown, is translated - place (14), habitation (2), foundations (1). Strongs Concordance.
The word sanctuary in verse 11 is from the Hebrew miqdash.
The word sanctuary in verse 14 is from the Hebrew quodesh.
Miqdash is consistently used in the OT to refer to earthly sanctuaries, either true or pagan. On the other hand, qodesh is used consistently for holy sanctuaries, either the true on earth or the heavenly.
Miqdash not qodesh is used in 8:11 indicating an earthly sanctuary, therefore, excluding the possibility that the phrase in 8:11 (“the place of his sanctuary was cast down”) pertains to Christ’s heavenly sanctuary.
Miqdash is a cultic term used in a counterfeit cultic setting in the passage in Daniel 8.
This confirms that the one who has “the place of his sanctuary” cast down; the one from whom “‘the daily’ is taken away,” cannot be the Prince of the host but must be the pagan Rome power.
Furthermore the sanctuary being cast down described in Daniel 8:11 is also mentioned again in Daniel 11:31 where the sanctuary is seen to be associated with a fortress - “sanctuary of strength (ma’oz - “fortress”).”
Nowhere in the Old Testament is the heavenly sanctuary associated with a fortress which also argues against the sanctuary here being Christ’s heavenly sanctuary.
The over-arching theme in Daniel 8 is the great controversy between God’s people and the pagan/horn powers of Satan; nevertheless there is a competition between the two phases of Rome
“Cast down,” Heb. shalak. AV - cast 77, cast out 15, cast away 11, cast down 11, cast forth 4, cast off 2, adventured 1, hurl 1, misc 3; 125. Strong’s Concordance. The place of his, Rome’s, sanctuary, i.e. the city of Rome, was “cast down,” i.e. given up when Constantine shifted the capital to Constantinople. In this way the old seat of the Ceasars, the city of Rome, was effectively given to the Pope.
The place of his sanctuary cast down.
“The removal of the capital of the Empire from Rome to Constantinople in 330AD, left the Western Church, practically free from imperial power, to develop its own form of organization. The Bishop of Rome, in the SEAT of the Caesars, was now the greatest man in the West and was soon [when the barbarians overran the empire] forced to become the political as well as the spiritual head.” A.C. Flick, The Rise of the Mediaeval Church , p168-169. Emphasis added.
“Pagan Rome was remodeled into papal Rome. ‘The PLACE of his sanctuary,’ or worship, the city of Rome, was CAST DOWN. The seat of government was removed by Constantine to Constantinople, A. D. 330. This same transaction is brought to view in Revelation 13: 2, where it is said that the dragon, pagan Rome, gave to the beast, papal Rome, his seat, the city of Rome.” Uriah Smith, Daniel and the Revelation, 161.
verse 12 And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice]...
A “host,” a military force (See Strongs Concordance) was given to the Little Horn in its Papal form.
Daniel 11 repeats this clue identifying this “host” as “arms” or armies.
“And ARMS shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.” Dan 11:31.
The word “ARMS” is from the Hebrew "zeroah" which Daniel used in the same chapter to refer to military forces (Dan 11:15; 11:22). A military host, or arms or armies, was given in support of Papal Rome and this military host took away the daily in Daniel 11. Clovis, king of the Franks, was the first barbarian king to convert to Catholicism. He gave the support of the Franks to the Papacy against all pre-papal forms of pagan self-exaltation. This shows that the daily is something military forces could take away.
verse 12 ...by reason of transgression...
It was through transgression that arms were enabled to support the Little Horn. This was the transgression of uniting the Church with the State power which she used to further her own ends (cf. Rev 17:1-2). The church was to rely on Christ for support, power, and influence. When she turned to the state for these she became an harlot. cf. Rev 17:2.
Papal Rome received support from emperors Zeno & Justinian and king Clovis of the Franks. These “forces” overthrew the self-exalting activity of pagan and Arian forces to establish the papal supremacy.
Besides the Franks, the Emperors of Eastern Rome also aided the developing Papal church and helped to “take away” anti-Papal forms of self-exaltation and set up the Papacy (See on Daniel 11:31; 12:11).
“The thing that hath been, it [is that] which shall be...” Ecc 1:9. As the Papacy came to power in the past through the transgression of uniting with the State powers so it will be again. See on Rev 13.
The Franks (French), ONE OF THE TEN horns, gave their support to the Papacy in the past before they destroyed the Papal State in 1798.
Rev 17:12-13 foretells that ALL TEN horns will give their support to the Papacy in the future before all ten destroy her (Rev 17:16).
Similar scenes will take place again as the Little horn, Papal Rome helped along by ARMS will be enthroned again.
THE CHURCH WILL ONCE AGAIN UNITE WITH THE STATE AND ALL OPPOSITION WILL BE TAKEN AWAY.
The transgression of investing the church with state power resulted in the papal supremacy. So it will be again. To establish the second papal supremacy, the healing of the deadly wound the ‘Protestant’ U.S.A. and the 10 horns will “give their power and strength to the beast.” (Rev 17:13; Rev 13:15-17). The church will be invested with state power and all opposition to papal supremacy will be overthrown. Even now the collapse of communism and the crushing of Moslem power has begun.