THE LITTLE HORN - Daniel chapter 7

Updated: Aug 10, 2020



Introduction & Overview of Daniel chapters 2 & 7



Prophecy follows the repeat & enlarge principle. The prophecy of Daniel 2 is repeated and enlarged upon in Daniel 7, 8 & 11. In Daniel 7 the fourth beast is said to be the fourth kingdom - Daniel 7:23.  Allowing Scripture to interpret itself, the mention of kingdoms here in Daniel 7 can only be referring to their first mention in Daniel chapter 2.


Hence if the fourth beast is the fourth kingdom, then the third, second and first beasts are symbols of the third, second and first kingdoms of the Daniel 2 image. The fourth kingdom in Daniel 2 was ROME, hence the fourth beast of Daniel 7 is symbolic of ROME. We saw that the Iron & Clay of the feet in Daniel 2 was symbolic of ROME, the state mixed with religion, the latter represented by the CLAY.


We identified the iron & clay as the union of church & state in the form of the ROMAN Catholic Church and its long succession of Popes. Point is if the fourth beast is the fourth kingdom, then somewhere in the fourth beast must lie the clue to the religio-political system of Papal ROME, the union of church and state (IRON & CLAY) as found in the image of Daniel chapter 2.


Daniel 7 then identifies the "IRON & CLAY" of Daniel 2 in the fourth beast with added details as to the sort of power it is with some very startling revelations.  Be prepared to hear some things which may be quite shocking as the Scripture outlines in prophetic detail Papal Rome as the little horn of Daniel chapter 7.


Daniel 2 contains four kingdoms.

​Daniel 7 contains four kingdoms.


In Daniel 2 the fourth kingdom is divided.

​In Daniel 7 the fourth kingdom is divided.


Daniel 2 is the image of a man

​In Daniel 7 the little horn has the eyes of a man.


In Daniel 2 the image is destroyed after the division.

In Daniel 7:  4th beast is destroyed after the division

In Daniel 2 the kingdom of God is set up at the end.

In Daniel 7 the kingdom of God is set up at the end.


Daniel 2 deals largely with political changes.  The four beasts in Daniel 7 parallel the four metals in the image of Daniel 2 and represent the same four kingdoms: Babylon; Medo Persia; Grecia and Rome.

In Daniel 7 the focus of attention moves toward the last period of earth’s history. The judgment is described as occurring some time before the fourth beast is destroyed. 


Daniel 7, like the rest of the book, was given to show the people of God their part in the great controversy between Christ & Satan. The efforts of Satan to destroy them through to their final victory are revealed.




Daniel chapter 7


7:1    In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed: then he wrote the dream, [and] told the sum of the matters.  

 7:2    Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea.  

 7:3    And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.  

 7:4    The first [was] like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.  

 7:5    And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and [it had] three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.  

 7:6    After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.  

 7:7    After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it [was] diverse from all the beasts that [were] before it; and it had ten horns.  

 7:8    I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn [were] eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.   

 7:9    I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment [was] white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne [was like] the fiery flame, [and] his wheels [as] burning fire.  

 7:10    A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered

unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.  

 7:11    I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld [even] till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.  

 7:12    As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.  

 7:13    I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.  

 7:14    And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.  

 7:15    I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of [my] body, and the visions of my head troubled me.  

 7:16    I came near unto one of them that stood by, and asked him the truth of all this. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things.  

 7:17    These great beasts, which are four, [are] four kings, [which] shall arise out of the earth.  

 7:18    But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.  

7:19    Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth [were of] iron,

and his nails [of] brass; [which] devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet;

7:20    And of the ten horns that [were] in his head, and [of] the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even [of] that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look [was] more stout than his fellows.  

 7:21    I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;  

 7:22    Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.  

 7:23    Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.  

 7:24    And the ten horns out of this kingdom [are] ten kings [that] shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.  

 7:25    And he shall speak [great] words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.  

 7:26    But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy [it] unto the end.  

 7:27    And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.  

 7:28    Hitherto [is] the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.  


Four Beasts, Four Kingdoms & The Little Horn


BABYLON



7:2    Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea.  

 7:3    And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.  

 7:4    The first [was] like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.  


1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon [Last king of Babylon. The first year of Belshazzar’s coregency (joint rulership) with his father Nabonidus was about 552B.C.] Daniel had a dream [literally “saw a dream”] and visions of his head upon his bed: then he wrote the dream [to preserve it for later generations], and told the sum of the matters [The Aramaic is difficult to translate. The word “sum” is re’sh, which means “head,” or “beginning.” The original Greek version reads, “eis, kephalaia logon,” which may be interpreted “summary.” Evidently Daniel wrote down the chief contents of the dream. Ehrlich translates the phrase, “the important details.”].

 2 Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven [Aramaic ruach, equivalent to the Hebrew ruach, which has a variety of meanings: “Air” (Jer 2:24, translated “wind”, “breath” (Job 19:17). human “spirit” (Ps 32:2), divine “Spirit” (Ps 51:12), and “wind” (Exo 10:13). Metaphorically the word is also used for vain & empty things (Jer 5:13). In the vision here it apparently denotes strife & war  (See Jer 49:36-37; 25:31-33) for that which arises as an result of the winds stirring up the symbolic sea of peoples are nations] strove [Aramaic, guach, which means to “stir up.” The form of the verb suggests continued action] upon the great sea [No specific body of water such as the Mediterranean is inferred. Like the beasts which arise from it the sea here is symbolic. Waters symbolize many peoples. Rev 17:15; Isa 57:20; 60:5].

3 And four great beasts [according to v 17 these beast symbolize “four kings which shall arise out of the earth.” For “kings” the LXX, Theodotiioans and the Vulgate read “kingdoms.” The fourth beast is specifically called the “fourth kingdom.” (v 23). These is general agreement that these four kingdoms parallel the four world powers symbolized by the metallic man of Dan 2] came up [the world powers represented did not rise contemporaneously but were successive, first, second etc.] from the sea, diverse [different. The diversity here spoken of was represented by the different metals in the vision of Daniel 2] one from another.

4 The first was like a lion [BABYLON - The combination of a lion and eagle was a common motif in Babylonian art. The winged lion was one of the forms of the beast often pictured in combat with Marduk, the patron god of the city of Babylon. On these lion, eagle combinations see S.H. Langdon, Semitic Mythology (“The Mythology of All Races” Vol. 13), pp. 118, 277-282, and Fig. 51 fascing p. 106 (winged lion), and pp. 116, 117 (lion-headed eagle); see illustrations of various Babylonian and Assyrian composite beasts in L.E. Froom, Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, Vol. 1, p50, 52 Prophets referred to king Nebuchadnezzar by similar figures (Jer 4:7, 50:17, 43-44; Lam 4:19; Eze 17:3, 12). "For lo, I raise up the Chaldeans...[Babylon,] they shall fly as the eagle that hasteth to eat."  Hab 1:6-8. Babylon was Israel’s northern enemy. Jer 50:17; 4:7.


“The lion, the animal of Ishtar, was so favourite a subject at all times in Babylonian art, that its rich and lavish employment at the gate of Babylon, the Ishtar gate, is by no means abnormal.” The Excavations at Babylon, R. Koldeway, p46] and had eagle's wings [The lion was known for its strength, the eagle for its power and range of flight (See 2Sam 1:23). Nebuchadnezzar’s power was felt from the Mediterranean to the Perisan Gulf, and from Asia Minor to Egypt. This was fittingly represented by the lion equipped with eagles wings]: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked [In its latter years Babylon lost the power and glory it possessed in earlier years. The plucking of his wings may refer to the humiliation of the proud Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon during his period of madness (Daniel 4:31-37), or to the cowardice of Belshazzar, the last king of Babylon, who, instead of driving away his foes like a lion, shut himself up in the city, feasting and drinking with his lords, till he was killed, and the kingdom given to the Medes and Persians cf. Daniel 5:22-30], and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it  [A loss of lion like characteristics. “The [human] heart is... desperately wicked (Jer 17:9). Belshazzar’s wickedness was seen in his drinking from God’s sacred vessels (Dan 5:1-3)].




MEDO-PERSIA



 7:5    And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and [it had] three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.  


Three ribs in the mouth - ribs come from the chest of an animal / beast. In this case defeated beasts. Beasts represent kingdoms. Ribs in the mouth, therefore, represent Medo-Persiaʼs three main conquests: Lydia 547BC; Babylon 539BC; Egypt 525BC. 


5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear [MEDO PERSIA - The Medes and the Persians correspond to the silver in the image. See Daniel 2:39. As a bear is in some respects inferior to the lion so the Medes & Persians were inferior to Babylon. They were nevertheles cruel and rapacious in character (See Isa 13:17, 18)], and it raised up itself on one side [No interpretation of this aspect is given in this chapter. However, a comaprison with Daniel ch. 8:3, 20 reveals that the empire was made up of two parts. Of the Medes and the Persians, the latter became the dominant power a few years before the dual Empire conquered Babylon. The margin’s alternative translation reads: “ it raised up one dominion.”], and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it [These are not interpreted in this chapter. A comparison with chapter 8 shows that Medo-Perisia conquered in three directions. The three ribs thus represent those the Medo-Persian Empire conquered as it expanded North- Babylon, West- Lydia and south- Egypt. (cf. the Ram of Dan 8:3-4, 20)]: and they said [the speaker is not identified] thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh [Medo Persia conquered Babylon in the following way:

“[Babylon had] stored provisions enough for very many years; so they cared nothing for the seige; and Cyrus knew not what to do... whether, then someone advised him in his difficulty, or he perceived himself what to do, I know not, but this is what he did... drawing off the river by canal... he made the stream to sink till its former channel could be forded. When this happened the Persians who were posted with this intent made their way into Babylon by the channel of the Euphrates... and brought them to a miserable end.”

Herodotus, Book 1, sec 191; A.D. Godley, Loeb Classical Library, p239].





Grecia



 7:6    After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.  


6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard [GRECIA - The power succeeding Medo-Perisia is identified as Grecia (Daniel 8:21) Grecia must not be confused with classical Greece inasmuch as that period preceded the fall of Persia. The Grecia of Daniel was the semi-Greek Macedonian Empire founded by Alexander the Great which inaggurated what is called the Hellenistic period. Not until Alexander’s day could reference be made to the first “king” (ch. 8:21) of a Greek Empire who was a “mighty king” with “great dominion” (ch. 11:3)], which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl [Indicating great speed and range. The leopard itself can move with great speed but its natural swiftness was inadequate to describe the amazing speed of Alexanders’s conquest. There is no other example in ancient times of such rapid conquest over such vast distances. Grecia, with leopard like swifness, conquered all before it. Both the leopard and the wings show that this kingdom would move with great speed (cf. Hab 1:8). “In this short space of 8 years Alexander had annexed an area of little less than 2 million square miles...[consider] The amazing rapidity of his conquests.” The Growth of European Civilization, A.E.R. Boak, p 59-60


The Leopard Daniel 7                  

Had four heads (Dan 7:6)                      

Had four wings (Dan 7:6)                   

Leopard followed bear - bear raised on one side (Dan 7:5).

The leopard followed a bear with 3 ribs in its mouth (Dan 7:5)


The He-Goat of Daniel 8:20-22

Had four horns (Dan 8:8)      

Moving so fast it “touched not the ground” (Dan 8:5)

The goat followed a ram which had one horn raised (Dan 8:3). Goat followed a Ram  “pushed” in 3 directions (Dan 8:4), 


Clearly the Leopard and the He-Goat represent the same power. The Goat is said  to represent Grecia, hence the Leopard of Daniel 7 represents Grecia. See also Dan 11:3-4]; the beast had also four heads [After Alexander the Great died his kingdoms was divided into four Helenistic kingdoms by four of his generals.




The victors divided the spoils;

  1. Lysimachus;

  2. Seleucus;

  3. Ptolemy;

  4. Cassander.”

Hellenistic Civilization, W.W. Tarn, p 9.


“Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia, overthrew the Persian Empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundation for the Hellenistic world of territorial kingdoms.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol 1. 1989, p240.


“...the ultimate division of the Empire into separate and independent kingdoms was foreshadowed by the division of the provinces among the chief generals of Alexander...the result of which was the formation of FOUR CONSIDERABLE KINGDOMS: Macedonia, Syria, Egypt, and Thrace.” Greece, E.S. Shuckburgh, p235.


Alexander died without arranging who was to succeed him. His half brother Philip and then his posthumous son Alexander were titular rulers under the regency of one or another of the generals and the empire was divided into a large number of provinces, the most important being controlled by about six leading generals called satraps. Neither puppet king had the authority to weld the vast empire together. During twelve years of struggle both ‘kings’ were slain and territories changed repeatedly.


Antigonus emerged as the first claimant for central power but was oppossed by a coalition of four leaders: Cassander, Lysimachus, Ptolemy and Seleucus. In 306 Antigonus declared himself king (jointly with his son Demetrius) and successor of Alexander. Thereupon the other four, abandoning their subordinate titles of satraps, declared themselves kings of their respective territories. At the battle of Ipsus (301 B.C.) Antigonus was killed, Demetrius fled and their territory was divided. This left four independent kingdoms, with the exception of small fragments, in place of Alexander’s empire. Demetrius had no kingdom just control over some coastal cities and a navy. He later displaced the heirs of Cassander and founded the Antigonid Dynasty in Macedonia. About 20 years after the division four reduced to three when Lysimachus was eliminated and much of his territory was taken by the Seleucid Empire or fell apart into small independent states, the most important being Pergamum. Macedonia, Egypt and the Seleucid Empire (sometimes called Syria because the eastern part was soon lost) continued on until they were all absorbed into the Roman Emire.


Many historians in giving a general overview omit the details but the fact remains that the Empire of Alexander did divide into four divisions as the prophecy foretold. Some seek to find the continuation of the four into Roman times by reckoning Pergamum as the successor of Lysimachus but whether we speak of three principal kingdoms and a group of smaller states it is significant that Alexander’s Empire did divide, for a time, into four kingdoms.


Note: Even in its divided state Alexander’s Empire, except for political centralization, constituted as much a unity as it ever had done under Alexander  and the various divisions were aptly represented as part of the same beast with multiple heads]; and dominion was given to it [The language of Greek became the common language of the ancient world in preparation for the promulgation of the gospel - the New Testament was written in Greek. The next Empire provided the roads and a period of relative peace for the initial spread of the gospel].  




"...the fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom..." daniel 7:23



Rome


7:7    After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it [was] diverse from all the beasts that [were] before it; and it had ten horns.


The fourth beast is said to be the fourth kingdom of Daniel 2, then the third, second and first beasts are symbols of the third, second and first kingdoms of the Daniel 2 image. The fourth kingdom in Daniel 2 was ROME, hence the fourth beast of Daniel 7 is symbolic of ROME.


 7 After this I saw in the night visions [dream], and behold a fourth beast [ROME - The Roman Empire succeeded Greece

The transition from the Hellenistic kingdoms to Rome was gradual and no one event marks the change. Several events have been suggested as the significant turning point: By 200B.C. Rome was the mistress of the western Mediterranean. In 197B.C. she defeated Macedonia and set up the Greek states under her own protection. In 190B.C. Rome defeated Antiochus III and took the Seleucid territory as far as the Tarsus mountains. In 168B.C. she ended the monarchy in Macedonia and  divided it into four confederacoes and the same year warned Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) away from his attack on Egypt. In 146 Rome annexed Macedonia as a province and placed most of the Greek states under the governance of Macedonia.

If Rome’s control of the East is reckoned from the removal of the three Hellenistic kingdoms by Roman power then 168 may be regarded as the first step in this process. However the Seleucid and Ptolemaic kings remained on their thrones till 63 in Syria and 30 in Egypt. If the dates for the annexation of these three kingdoms as Roman provinces are chosen, the dates would be 146, 64, 30 respectively. Some emphasize 168B.C. because by this time Rome had conquered Macedonia and had saved Egypt from falling to the Seleucid kingdom by merely forbidding the invasion of Antiochus IV (Epiphanes). This demonstrated that Rome virtually controlled all three kingdoms even though she had as yet conquered only one of them.

The process was a gradual one and whatever date one choses as most significant it is clear that Rome absorbed the territory of Alexander from Macedonia to the Euphrates by 30B.C.], dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth [this fourth beast parallels  the legs of iron kingdom of the image of Daniel 2:40]: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it [the Romans made slaves of many of those they conquered]: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it [Rome was different because it was the first Republic. In fact it had 7 forms of government in total: Republican, Consular, Tribune, Decemvirate, Dictatorial, Imperial, and Kingly]; and it had ten horns [These 10 horns are said to be 10 “kings” (verse 24).

“King” and “kingdom” are used interchangeably in Daniel. The beasts were called “four kings”(verse 17) then the fourth beast was called “the  fourth kingdom.” (verse 23) .

THE TEN HORNS ARE THEREFORE TEN KINGDOMS.

The successive invasions of the Roman Empire by many Germanic tribes, and the subsequent replacement of the empire by a number of seperate kingdoms is a well established fact of  history. Because a score or more barbarian tribes invaded the Empire commentators varied with respect to who constituted the 10 kingdoms. The following list is the best:

(1) ALEMANNI (2) FRANKS (3) BURGUNDIANS (4) SUEVI (5) VANDALS, (6) VISIGOTHS (7) SAXONS (8) OSTROGOTHS  (9) LOMBARDS

(10) HERULI

The period of the empires division was one of great upheaval, confusion and change. See the article at the end of this chapter: “Who Constituted the ten Kingdoms.”


THE DECLINE & FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

Runaway inflation, high taxes, sagging moral, and military threats contributed to the Roman emperor Constantine deciding to move the capital from Rome to the city of Byzantium in the East (later called Constantinople, later still Istanbul). This move occurred in 330A.D.

“At this time [A.D. 365], as if trumpets were sounding the war-note throughout the whole Roman world, the most savage peoples roused themselves and poured across the nearest frontiers.” History, A. Marcellinus, trans. J.C. Rolfe, Loeb Classical Library, p587-589.

By 476 A.D. the Western Roman Empire had been divided into ten kingdoms. These 10 horns correspond to the feet & toes of iron and clay in Daniel 2. See the article at the end of this chapter: “Who Constituted the ten Kingdoms.”

Referring to the four kingdoms Luther wrote:

“The first kingdom is the Assyrian, or Babylonian; the second, the Medes and Persians; the third the Greeks; the fourth, the Roman. In this explanation and opinion all the world are agreed.” Martin Luther in his Introduction to Comments on Daniel].





The Little Horn is Papal Rome.




7:8    I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn [were] eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.



Characteristics Of The Little Horn & The Papacy


The Little Horn
  1. It is a horn, which is symbolic of a kingdom -Dan 8:8,20)

  2. It arises in the territory of  the 4th beast - Rome, i.e. in Europe

  3. It arises after  the ten horns as it plucks up three -Dan 7:8

  4. It plucks up three of the ten horns -Dan 7:8

  5. It has a spokesman at its head - Dan 7:8,11 

  6. It became more stout (stronger) than the other horns (v 20)

  7. It is “diverse” (different) from the 10 horns (kingdoms) (v 24)

  8. It would persecute God's church -Dan 7:21,25

  9. It would reign for “3 1/2 times”, i.e. prophetic time - 1260 years (v 25) 

  10. It speaks great words i.e. blasphemes against God (v 25)

  11. It would think to change times and laws of God (v 25)


Papal Rome
  1. Papal Rome is a kingdom & not just a church.

  2. Papacy arose in Europe & retains the name Roman.

  3. Papacy arose after Rome divided into the European nations

  4. Papacy had the Vandals, Heruli & Ostrogoths destroyed

  5. Papal Rome has the Pope as it's infallible head.

  6. Papal Rome held immense power over the kings of Europe.

  7. Papacy is a RELIGIO-political power, a Church and a State. 

  8. The Papacy openly claims to have martyred Christians.

  9. The Papacy ruled Europe for 1260yrs to 1798

  10. The Papacy claims to be able to forgive sins (see Mark 2:7).

  11. The Papacy has changed the 7th day Sabbath to Sunday


PAPAL ROME IS A KINGDOM

“Sovereignty over Vatican city is exercised by the Pope in his function as the supreme head of the Catholic church.” New Catholic Encyclopaedia, Vol. 14, p557-558.


“The smallest sovereign country is the State  of Vatican City, which is an enclave within Rome and the seat of the Roman Catholic Church.” The Guinness Book of Records, 1997, p203.


The papacy is the kingdom represented by the little horn which arose  "among" the 10 horns (kingdoms) of Europe.


PAPAL ROME AROSE AMONG THE NATIONS OF EUROPE

“Whatever elements the barbarians and Arians left...[came] under the protection of the bishop of Rome, who was the chief person there after the empire’s disappearance. The Roman church in this way privily PUSHED ITSELF into the place of the Roman World-Empire, of which it is the actual continuation.” A. Harnack, What is Christianity? p269-270.


"Out of the ruins of political Rome, AROSE the great moral Empire in the 'giant form' of the Roman Church. " A. C. Flick. The Rise of the Mediaeval Church, 1909, p 150.


“The mighty Catholic Church was little more than