The prophetic part of Daniel commences in chapter 7
Daniel 2 is a dream given King Nebuchadnezzar - 4 great kingdoms.
Daniel 7,8 & 11 give added details to the Daniel 2 image & completes it.
Daniel 2 and 7 are complete prophecies commencing with Babylon.
Daniel 8 is the last prophetic chapter containing symbols - Ram, He-Goat, Little Horn.
Daniel 2 commences with Babylon and ends with Rome (Papal)
Daniel 7 commences with Babylon and ends with Rome (Papal)
Daniel 8 and 11 both commence with Medo-Persia and end with Rome (Papal)
Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness [was] excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof [was] terrible. This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. .... Thou [art] this head of gold. And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all [things]: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.
Just as the interpretation predicted Babylon falls the the Medes & Persians - the second kingdom of Bible Prophecy. The event is outlined in Daniel chapter 5.
Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written. And this [is] the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. This [is] the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it. TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting. PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians. "In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old." Dan 5:24-31
But a third Kingdom was to arise.
This described in Daniel Chapter 8:3-7 in the symbolism of the Ram and He-Goat
"Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had [two] horns: and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] higher than the other, and the higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great. And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had [two] horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand." Dan 8:3-7
"The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia: and the great horn that [is] between his eyes [is] the first king. Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power." Dan 8:20-22
Alexander the Great's kingdom was finally divided and scattered toward the four winds of heaven (4 directions of the compass) Dan 8:8, 11:4. The four divisions of Alexander's kingdom are symbolised by the four horns which arose on the he-goat after the great horn was broken.
However, a fourth Kingdom was to arise.
This described in Daniel Chapter 8:9 and onwards in the symbolism of the Little horn.
While a little cryptic, Rome, both pagan and papal enters the prophecy in the description of the little horn here in Daniel 8. It is consistent with Daniel 2,7 and 11. Note the following:
1. Daniel 2 - the fourth kingdom of Iron (Rome) transitions to Iron and Clay feet (Papal Rome)
2. Daniel 7 - fourth beast (Rome) transitions to the little horn (Papal Rome) on the 4th beast.
3. Daniel 8 - the little horn represents Rome in both its pagan and papal phases.
4. Daniel 11: Rome, the King of the North, transitions to Papal Rome in vs 30,31 - same symbol for both - the King of the North
Note the following characteristics of the Little Horn in Daniel 8:
The Roman Empire followed the Grecian Empire.
The Roman Empire became 'exceeding great' compared to Medo-Persia & Grecia
The Roman Empire invaded and conquered the pleasant land - Palestine
Jesus was born in the time of the Roman Empire.
The Roman Empire crucified Christ, the Prince of the host.
The Roman Empire persecuted and destroyed God's people - Christians fed to the lions.
The Roman Empire destroyed Jerusalem and its temple ( Sanctuary)
The Roman Empire of the Caesars transitioned to the Papal Roman Empire
The Papal Roman Empire persecuted and destroyed Bible believing Christians
The Papal Roman Empire 'destroyed' the sanctuary substituting its own priestly system
The Papal Roman Empire is against Christ or Antichrist
The Papal Roman Empire will be destroyed.
The Little Horn of Daniel 7 is the Papal Rome portion of the Little Horn symbol in Daniel 8 where it here represents both Pagan and Papal Rome.
Characteristics of the 4th Beast and Little Horn of Daniel 7:
The Little horn is another horn, another kingdom - horns = kingdoms cf Ram's 2 horns and the ten horns of the fourth kingdom are said to be ten kings but Kings are equivalent to kingdoms as well in Daniel 7:17, 23. Papal Rome arose off the fourth beast, Pagan Rome.
Like Pagan Rome it persecutes God's saints, Bible believing Christians.
Papal Rome blasphemes against God in claiming to be God on earth and being able to forgive sin. Matthew 9:3, John 10:33
Papal Rome, the little horn, was much more stout or powerful than the other ten horns.
Papal Rome had three of the ten horns destroyed - uprooted. To uproot a plant is to kill it. The Heruli, Vandals and Ostrogoths have no equivalent today. They have ceased to exist.
Papal Rome dominated Europe and persecuted the saints for 1260 years until it received its deadly wound in 1798. No-one is being persecuted today but that sort of Despotism is about to be resurrected. See Revelation 13 study.
In Daniel 2, the Iron legs (Pagan Rome of the Caesars) transitions to the feet of iron( Rome) & Clay (Religion) - Papal Rome
In Daniel 7, the 4th beast (Rome) transitions to the Little horn - Papal Rome.
In Daniel 8 the Little Horn is used to symbolise both Pagan and Papal Rome.
In Daniel 11 the King of the North symbolises both Pagan and Papal Rome.