Updated: Jul 16
THE LITTLE HORN IS PAPAL ROME
The prophetic part of the Book of Daniel commences in chapter 7
Daniel 2 is a dream given King Nebuchadnezzar - 4 great kingdoms.
Daniel 7,8 & 11 give added details to the Daniel 2 image & complete it.
Daniel 2 and 7 are complete prophecies commencing with Babylon.
Daniel 8 is the last chapter containing symbols - Ram, He-Goat, Little Horn.
Daniel 2 starts with Babylon & ends with Papal Rome, Spiritual Babylon.
Daniel 7 commences with Babylon and ends with Papal Rome.
Daniel 8 commences with Medo-Persia and ends with Papal Rome.
Daniel 11 commences with Medo-Persia & ends with Papal Rome.
INTERPRETATION OF THE DANIEL 2 IMAGE
"Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness [was] excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof [was] terrible. This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. .... Thou [art] this head of gold. And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all [things]: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay."
"Thou [art] this head of gold." Daniel 2:38 - BABYLON is the head of GOLD
"King"and "Kingdom" used interchangeably in prophecy.
Note in Daniel 7:17 "These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth."
And then note in the following, the beast is said to be a kingdom as well.
Daniel 7:23 "Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces."
The four beasts are called four kings in Daniel 7:17
The four beasts arise out of the earth - Dan 7:17
The fourth beast is said to be the fourth Kingdom in Daniel 7:23
The fourth beast is upon the earth - Daniel 7:23
A beast is called a "king"
A beast is also called a "kingdom"
Allowing scripture to interpret the symbolism, "King" is used interchangeably with "Kingdom"
Hence, while Daniel refers to King Nebuchanezzar as the head of Gold, it is really referring to the Kingdom of Babylon as the head of Gold.
HOWEVER, ANOTHER KINGDOM WAS TO ARISE
BABYLON FALLS TO THE MEDES & PERSIANS
Just as the interpretation predicted, Babylon fell to the Medes & Persians - the second kingdom of Bible Prophecy. The event is outlined in Daniel chapter 5.
Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written. And this [is] the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. This [is] the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it. TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting. PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians. "In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old." Daniel 5:24-31
"Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians." Daniel 5:28
BUT A 3RD KINGDOM WAS TO ARISE
This is described in Daniel Chapter 8:3-7 in the symbolism of the Ram and He-Goat
GRECIA CRUSHES THE MEDO-PERSIAN EMPIRE
"Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had [two] horns: and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] higher than the other, and the higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great. And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had [two] horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand." Daniel 8:3-7
THE GRECIAN HE-GOAT POUNDS THE MEDO-PERSIAN RAM TO THE GROUND & BREAKS ITS HORNS
The He-Goat "...smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him:" "The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia:" Daniel 8:7,20
"The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia: and the great horn that [is] between his eyes [is] the first king. Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power." Dan 8:20-22
Alexander the Great's kingdom was finally divided and scattered toward the four winds of heaven (4 directions of the compass) Dan 8:8, 11:4. The four divisions of Alexander's kingdom are symbolised by the four horns which arose on the he-goat after the great horn was broken.
HOWEVER, A 4TH KINGDOM WAS TO ARISE.
This is described in Daniel Chapter 8:9 and onwards in the symbolism of the Little horn.
ROME ENTERS THE PROPHECY
While a little cryptic, Rome, both pagan and papal enters the prophecy in the description of the little horn here in Daniel 8. It is consistent with Daniel CHAPTERS 2,7 and 11. Note the following:
1. Daniel 2 - the fourth kingdom of Iron (Rome) transitions to Iron and Clay feet (Papal Rome)
2. Daniel 7 - fourth beast (Rome) transitions to the little horn (Papal Rome) on the 4th beast.
3. Daniel 8 - the little horn represents Rome in both its pagan and papal phases.
4. Daniel 11: Rome, the King of the North, transitions to Papal Rome in vs 30,31 - same symbol for both - the King of the North
Note the following characteristics of the Little Horn in Daniel 8:
1. came forth a little horn - Rome came forth from one of the directions of the compass
2, It waxed exceeding great. Rome was greater than Medo-Persia or Grecia
3. It conquered South, East & the pleasant land - Rome conquered Palestine.
4. It waxed great, [even] to the Host of heaven - Rome persecuted God's people.
5. It cast the host & stars to the ground. cf He-Goat casting Ram to the ground.
6. It stamped upon them. cf He-Goat stamped on the Ram. Rome destroyed God's people.
7. Yea, He magnified [himself] even to the Prince of the Host. Rome crucified Christ.
8. And by him (or from him), the DAILY was taken away - from Rome the DAILY was exalted.
9. The place of his sanctuary was cast down - the City of Rome was given up by Constantine.
10. And an host was given him against the daily by reason of transgression cf Dan 11:31
11. "and it cast down the truth to the ground;" - Papal Rome cast the truth to the ground.
12. "and it practised, and prospered." - Papal Rome prospered. It is a financial superpower
13. the daily and the transgression of desolation, trods underfoot the sanctuary & the host
14. Paganism, the DAILY (Pagan Rome) & the transgression of desolation (Papal Rome) destroyed God's people and the Sanctuary.
15. "And in the latter time of their kingdom," - latter time of the four divisions of Grecia
16. "a king of fierce countenance, & understanding dark sentences, shall stand up." - Rome
17. Rome followed the Grecian Kingdom.
18. Rome spoke a language (Latin) the Jews did not understand - see Deut 28:49,50
19. his power shall be mighty vs 24 - Rome described as exceeding great.
20. he shall destroy wonderfully vs 24. Rome destroyed God's people
21. and he shall prosper and practise vs 24 - Papal Rome practised and prospered.
22. and shall destroy the mighty and holy people - Rome killed Christians
23. And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand;
24. and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many:
25. "he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes;" - Rome is antichrist.
26. "but he shall be broken without hand" cf Dan 2:34,35 - Papal Rome will be destroyed.
ROME SUCCEEDED THE GRECIAN EMPIRE
The Roman Empire followed the Grecian Empire.
The Roman Empire became 'exceeding great' compared to Medo-Persia & Grecia
The Roman Empire invaded and conquered the pleasant land - Palestine
Jesus was born in the time of the Roman Empire.
The Roman Empire crucified Christ, the Prince of the host.
The Roman Empire persecuted and destroyed God's people - Christians fed to the lions.
The Roman Empire destroyed Jerusalem and its temple ( Sanctuary)
The Roman Empire of the Caesars transitioned to the Papal Roman Empire of the Popes
The Papal Roman Empire persecuted and destroyed Bible believing Christians
The Papal Roman Empire 'destroyed' the sanctuary substituting its own priestly system
The Papal Roman Empire is against Christ or Antichrist
The Papal Roman Empire will be destroyed.
The Little Horn of Daniel 7 is the Papal Rome portion of the Little Horn symbol in Daniel 8 where in Daniel 8, the little horn is a symbol of both PAGAN ROME and PAPAL ROME.
Characteristics of the 4th Beast and Little Horn of Daniel 8:
v 7 a 4th beast, dreadful & terrible, the 4th kingdom of Dan 7:23 cf 8:23
v 7 and strong exceedingly; cf Little horn of Dan 8 waxed "exceeding great" - Rome
v 7 and it had great iron teeth: - 4th kingdom of Dan 2 made of iron. - Rome
v 7 it devoured & break in pieces, - Rome conquered south, east & pleasant land.
v 7 and stamped the residue with the feet of it.
v 8 and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it.
v 7 and it had 10 horns - symbolised the division of the Roman Empire by the Barbarians
v 8 came up among them another little horn, - Roman beats transitions to Papal Rome
v 8 three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: Papal Rome has 3 kingdoms uprooted
v 8 in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, - "eyes" = seer. Papal Rome infallibility
v 8 and a mouth speaking great things. - speaks blasphemies cf Dan 7:25 & Rev 13:5,6
v 11 the voice of the greta words which the horn spake: - against the Most High Dan 7:25
v 20 and of the other which came up, - the little horn, Papal Rome
v 20 and before whom three feel; Papal Rome had 3 kingdoms uprooted during its rise
v 20 even of that horn that had eyes, "Eyes"= "Seer" Pope's infallibility
v 20 and a mouth that spake very great things, - speaks blasphemies against God
v 20 whose look was more stout than his fellows. - much stronger than the other horns.
v 21 horn made war with the saints & prevailed against them; - destroyed God's people
v 23 the 4th beast shall be the 4th kingdom upon earth, Daniel 2 - Rome
v 24 the 10 horns out of this kingdom are 10 kings that shall arise - horns & kings = kingdoms
v 24 and another shall arise after them; - the little horn, Papal Rome
v 24 and he shall be diverse from the first, Papal Rome is a union of church & state
v 24 he shall subdue 3 kings (kingdoms) - he uprooted, Heruli, Vandals, Ostrogoths
v 25 speak great words against the Most High, Blasphemes, Matt 9:3, John 10:33
v 25 shall wear out the saints of the Most High, - Papal Rome killed God's people
v 25 and think to change times and laws: Papal Rome changed the Sabbath Law
v 25 they shall be given into his hands for a time, times and the dividing of time
v 25 Papal Rome killed Bible believing Christians for 1260 years - cf Rev 12:6,14
BIBLE DEFINITION OF BLASPHEMY
MATTHEW 9:2,3 "And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee. And, behold, certain of the scribes said within themselves, This man blasphemeth."
JOHN 10:33 "The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God."
Papal Rome claims to be able to forgive sin, hence THE CONFESSIONAL. This one characteristic is a very strong identifying mark that the little horn is PAPAL ROME. The Pope is also said to be the Vicar of Jesus Christ.
"All the names which in the Scriptures are applied to Christ, by virtue of which it is established that he is over the church, all the same names are applied to the pope." Robert Bellarmine, On the Authroity of the Councils, Chap 17 1628 ed., vol 1, p. 266
"We hold upon this earth the place of God Almighty" Pope Leo XIII, Encyclical Letter of June 20, 1894
"The pope is supreme judge of the law of the land... he is viceregent of Christ, and is not only a priest forever, but also King of kings and Lord of lords" La Civilita Cattolica, March 18, 1871
"Hence the pope is crowned with a triple crown, as king of heaven and of earth and of the lower regions [infernorum - the fiery place]." - Lucius Ferraris, Prompta Bibliotheca, Papa (the Pope), art. 2, 1772-1777 edition, vol 6, p. 29
THE LITTLE HORN IS PAPAL ROME
The Little horn is another horn, another kingdom - horns = kingdoms cf Ram's 2 horns and the ten horns of the fourth kingdom are said to be ten kings but Kings are equivalent to kingdoms as well in Daniel 7:17, 23.
Papal Rome arose off the fourth beast, Pagan Rome.
Like Pagan Rome it persecutes God's saints, Bible believing Christians.
Papal Rome blasphemes against God in claiming to be God on earth and being able to forgive sin. Matthew 9:3, John 10:33
Papal Rome, the little horn, was much more stout or powerful than the other ten horns.
Papal Rome had three of the ten horns destroyed - uprooted. To uproot a plant is to kill it. The Heruli, Vandals and Ostrogoths have no equivalent today. They have ceased to exist.
Papal Rome dominated Europe and persecuted the saints for 1260 years until it received its deadly wound in 1798. No-one is being persecuted today but that sort of Despotism is about to be resurrected. See Revelation 13 study.
In Daniel 2, the Iron legs (Pagan Rome of the Caesars) transitions to the feet of iron ( Rome) & Clay (Religion) - Papal Rome, A UNION OF CHURCH & STATE
In Daniel 7, the 4th beast (Rome) transitions to the Little horn - Papal Rome.
In Daniel 8 the Little Horn is used to symbolise both Pagan Rome and Papal Rome.
In Daniel 11 the King of the North symbolises both Pagan Rome and Papal Rome.