Revelation 15 - Intro to the 7 Last Plagues

Introduction to the Seven last plagues. The most awful disasters ever to affect humanity...


And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.

2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.

4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

5 And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened:

6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles.

7 And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever.

8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.


Revelation 15 is the introduction to the seven last plagues (God's wrath)

verse 1 The Wrath of God

The Seven Last Plagues are Godʼs wrath. They are described in Rev 16.

verse 2 The Victorious on the sea of Glass

Before the plagues are poured out John is given a vision of events after the plagues when the saints, victorious over the beast and his image, who heeded the message of Rev 14, stand on the sea of glass before Godʼs throne (Rev 4:6).

Instrumental music

Heaven is a place of song and instrumental music. See Appendix.

verse 3 Song of Moses and the Lamb

As the Israelites sang at the deliverance by the Red Sea so the redeemed will sing when God delivers them.

verse 5 Temple of the tabernacle of the testimony

This refers to the Most Holy place (Num 17:7) where the testimony (the law of God) was placed. The earthly sanctuary wherein the law of God was kept in the Most Holy place was a model of the heavenly sanctuary. It is because men have rebelled against Godʼs law, the foundation of Godʼs government, and rejected His mercy that the plagues will fall upon them (Rom 4:15)

verse 8 No man in temple when plagues fall

The plagues are poured out when the time of intercession is past. No man (Gr. oudeis. no one) including Christ or His assistants can enter the temple. The last plagues, unlike all before them, are unmingled with mercy (Rev 14:10).



The fact that those in heaven have harps shows that God approves of good instrumental music. (cf. Rev 5:8, 9; 14:2-3; 15:2-3).


As God ordained instrumental music in His temple in heaven so He commanded instrumental music in the temple on earth. The earthly temple was a model or type of the heavenly temple: “And he [Hezekiah] did [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD...And he set the Levites in the house of the LORD with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, and of Gad the kingʼs seer, and Nathan the prophet: for [so was] THE COMMANDMENT OF THE LORD by his prophets.” 2Chron 29:2, 25.

The use of musical instruments was commanded by God

Through His prophets God has actually commanded His people to praise Him on wind, stringed and percussion instruments. (Ps 149:3; Ps 81:2-4; Ps 150:3-6; Ps 92:3; 2Chron 5:13).

David appointed musicians (1Chron 25:11) and the prophet Elisha used music on one occasion for prophetic inspiration (2Kings 3:14, 15).

Holy instrumental music is a good influence

Holy instrumental music can lift the mind to heaven and bring the blessings of peace and calm. (1Sam 16:14-17, 23).

God still enjoys good music

God commanded instrumental music in the past, He enjoys it in heaven, and He does not change. Mal 3:6 “For I [am] the LORD, I change not...”

In the New Testament Jesus associated music with joy and celebration (Luke 15:25).

Psalms indicates instrumental music

We are told to sing Psalms (Eph 5:19; Col 3:16; James 5:13) and many Psalms were designed to be accompanied by instrumental music. The word “psalms” in Eph 5:19 and James 5:13 is from the Greek “psallo” which, according to several Greek lexicons, means “to pluck, pull, to strike the chord, twang the strings of a musical instrument so that they gently vibrate. To play on a stringed instrument, to play, the harp, etc.”

Not everybody in the church can play an instrument but those who can may and this music can accompany the Psalms.

“In the LXX [Greek translation of the O.T.] ps[allo] freq. means ʻsingʼ whether to the accompaniment of a harp or (as usually) not...” The Greek English Lexicon of Bauer, Arndt, Gingrich and Danker (891).

A Misunderstood text explained

“Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.” Amos 5:23 23. Does this condemn musical instruments in worship?

In verse 21 God condemns their “solemn assemblies” Both verses refer to Godʼs disgust of hypocritical religion, not Godʼs disgust of musical instruments or of solemn assemblies!


Though there are few references to instrumental music in the N.T. there are NO scriptures forbidding it. It is possible that the early church avoided instruments in their church services because of their pagan or secular associations, (may we show their caution in our musical choices) however no passage prohibits musical instuments. In light of Godʼs command to have instrumental music in the Old Testament; the existence of instrumental music in heaven and the fact that God does not change, we are within Godʼs will to praise Him with carefully considered instrumental music today. God permits what He does not forbid - e.g. motorized transport, telecommunications hymnbooks etc.. As our unchanging God nowhere forbids musical instruments and as He even commanded their use, we may know that God is well pleased with the right use of musical instruments in worship today.



Evangelism and worship have been greatly enhanced by music but ultimately it is the Word of God accompanied by the power of the Holy Spirit that converts people.

From the priestly chants of early centuries through to congregational singing, brought in by Martin Luther, Christian music has changed over time. In all this change we need to ask what does God like? This study examines the Biblical principles that relate to worship music. It is our prayer that all who read it will do so seeking to know Godʼs will.

Music - Audible feelings

Music is based on physics - sound waves of a certain melody, rythmn, pitch, volume, etc. Our emotions are also connected to physical affects such as heart rhythms, voice pitch, volume, etc. Skilful musicians can encapsulate the physical properties of feelings in the physical properties of music. All emotions can be captured this way. Because music communicates using the same physical phenomena of emotion which we all posses, all of us respond in similar ways to music. Music is thus a universal language.

Music, even without lyrics, affects us

Music styles, even without lyrics, impact us all in similar ways. Indeed, if this were not the case there would be no point in a music sound track in a movie. The emotion of each scenes is emphasized with appropriate music. When a movie is released internationally the musical soundtrack remains unchanged. This shows that the music affects all peoples the same way. Language is decoded using a learned language code. However the imagery, suggestion and feelings of music are not decoded because it is not a code, it exists in the raw material of existence - physical phenomena. This means that music affects us irrespective of the lyrics. Worship music mus ttherefore be carefully chosen based not only as to lyrics but also as to style.

Music styles have a power to change us

"If music be the food of love, play on".

As music even without lyrics can communicate emotions and feelings, music can affect morality. Music may illicit feelings of anger, rebellion and discord or it may brings feelings of peace and serenity. Philosophers and politicians have recognized the power of music to affect people and some have even tried to regulate it. Music has helped to lure Godʼs people into false worship before: Worshipping the golden calf (Exo 32:19). On the very borders of the promised land the children of Israel were “beguiled by music and dancing.” (Num 25:1-2; PP 454).

On the other hand music can bless. Davidʼs music soothed Saul (1Sam 16:23). Because of musicʼs power to affect us we must choose our music carefully.

There are dangerous musical styles

Music, like everything else, has been affected by sin. The gift of music God gave has been perverted and turned to an evil use by Satan. Satanʼs power to tempt is ever increasing and it would be foolishness to think that he has not developed musical styles to use in his work.

Heavy rythmic beat captures the physical apsects of excitement, rebellion, anger, and sexual desire (increased heart rate). The strong repetitive rythmn of rock, which often increases to a crescendo, suggest physical rythmn such as sexual activity. The sexual suggestion can be further exaggerated when the deep base is actually felt.

Sound quality

The musical instruments such as the electric guitar often produce a sound quality similar to a whine which exagerates the rebellious and aggressive aspects of cetain music. Due to the different quality of sound made certain instruments sit well with the calm and holy while others sit well with the aggressive and rebellious.

Vocal appropriateness

The way lyrics are sounded also has suggestive qualities. Some lyrics are sung in a ʻbreathy,ʼ husky, sexually suggstive way. Husky, sexually suggestive lyrics have no place in worship music.


The Musical style of rebellion

Of all musical styles in the past 2000 years none has been so closely associated with the rejection of the moral values and beliefs of Christianity as rock.

Rock is the universal style of choice for the worldly. Rock is associated with the irrational, the instinctual, the sexually immoral, the godless, and freedom from any restriction.

Musical styles are value laden

Rock is the style above all others which is associated with worldly, immoral values. When rock is played in a church people think that the church not only accepts rock music but also to some degree the values associated with rock music. Because the rock style is associated with worldly values the rock style cannot properly represent Godʼs moral values. The true significance of issues such as life, death and holiness cannot be represented through rock style music because the rock style is inseparably associated with worldly values, unrestricted partying and godlessness.

Does adding spiritual words to rock make it acceptable?

The rock medium itself is a vehicle chosen by the immoral and corrupt and good lyrics cannot change the medium.

“Christian” rock, because of its rock associations, distorts the message of the Bible. If we adopt a worldly appearance to attract the worldly how can we present a vivid contrast between the worldly and the holy? Casual dress and behaviour associated with rock create a social club atmosphere, undermining reverence and holiness. Rock reminds people of their rebellious past.

Rock music undermines the churchʼs separation from the world.

Rockʼs innate worldliness has no place in Godʼs worship. Rock is not a neutral vehicle for Christian lyrics.

“Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.” 1John 2:15.

“And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.” Rom 12:2.

Rock is bridge leading to the world

Christian rock does not give a clear call to come out of Babylon. On the contrary “Christian” rock is actually a bridge back to the world. Rock is the music of the world and the use of rock music in church stimulates memories of the world.

Rock music alters the mind and body

Rock music captivates, stimulates, and weakens moral sensibilities. It affects us physiologically and psychologically. The repetitive rock rhythm stimulates a sexual response.

Rock music makes its impact musically rather than lyrically. The words, if they are noticed at all, are absorbed after the music has ʻhookedʼ us. Rock is hypnotic and addictive. The high some feel in Christian rock concerts, and believe the be the moving of Godʼs Spirit, is no different than the ecstatic feelings the godles experience in worldly rock concerts.

Just because something may lead to salvation is no justification for its use

People have been led to salvation by things God never sanctions. Evangelism must not be guided by its apparent ʻsuccessʼ but by its harmony with Biblical direction and principles.

Can we allow people to choose their worship music?

We can no more allow our young people to choose appropriate musical styles than we can allow them to choose what they eat. Rock music has been called “junk food for the soul.” Musical style should be driven by theological directives not personal choices. The issue is not what we want but what God wants as He knows what's best for mankind.

Why has there not been more resistance to rock style music in church?

Many naively thought that taking the rock medium (the rock style music) and replacing the ungodly rock lyrics with Christian lyrics made it safe. It does not:

1. Rock makes its impact musically rather than lyrically so the rock style itself affects people in un-christian ways irrespective of the lyrics.

2. Christian rock addicts people to the rock style and becomes a bridge over which many move into worldly rock. 3. Rock style music is inseparably associated with the irreligious and the immoral. Therefore its use in church is in conflict with Christian values. No wonder those churches using it generally dress casually and a show lack of reverence.

Type antitype

1. Music lured Godʼs people into false worship before: The worship of the golden calf was associated with music, dancing and nudity (Exo 32:17-19).

(a) The music was the music of Egypt. (b) The worship service was that of Egypt.

(c) The church leader (Aaron) had given in to the wants of the people who desired to have what they had done in Egypt.

2. On the very borders of the promised land the children of Israel were “beguiled by music and dancing.” (Num 25:1-2; PP 454).

3. The language of Revelation is based on Old Testament stories. The end-time worship of the beast and his image is based on the events in Daniel 3 in which the faithful were commanded to worship a Babylonian image and music was used to lead all into worship. Today Satan is using the music of the spiritual “Babylonian” to induce Godʼs people to worshipping the image of the beast.

End-time Ecumenism

“Christian” rock is eroding the distinctions between denominations and the world. This is leading to a united worship style and doctrine. The resulting unity among various denominations will eventually lead to them pressuring government to have their common doctrines enforced by law. Our message is to call a people out of Babylon. Soon the whole world will be gathered for the end-time worship of the image and the music of Babylon will be played to lead the inhabitants of the world to “worship the beast and his image.” (Rev 14:9). In the end God will overthrow Babylon and her music will be silenced. “...Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all...” Rev 18:21-22. The silencing of Babylonʼs music indicates that their music had played a part in seducing Godʼs people into Babylonian worship.

Revelationʼs contrasts

Heavenly musical is described as primarily choral. Only harps are said to accompany it. Babylonʼs music, by contrast, is full of instruments and minstrels (professional entertainers). It is perfomance based.

Rock is addictive

Rock music is so stimulating and addictive that many now listen to it on mobile music players almost continually.

Rock is primarily carnal

Some have suggested the following:

MELODY - responds to the SPIRIT*

HARMONY - responds to the MIND

RHYTHM - responds to the BODY. *See Eph 5:18-19.

Rock music reverses the order. The strong rhythm (beat) of rock plays primarily to the carnal - the body. As such it is inappropriate for church which should be primarilly spiritual not carnal.

Feeling orientated Music

Much ʻChristian rockʼ music is overly repetitive and emphasises feelings as evidence that we are right with God. Our right standing with God is based on faith in His word not our feelings or exercises.

Obscure Theology

Songs with no clear biblical reference are inappropriate. Such “cross over” music that is welcomed in secular circles is not acceptable in church. Many hymns contain beautiful Biblical doctrines whereas many contemporary worship songs are doctrinally void.

Trivializing serious themes

Music which trivializes serious biblical themes is also innappropriate.

How the message of the Remnant Church relates to our musical choices

Church music should reflect the churchʼs theology and proclaim biblical truths. The music of a church reveals the churchʼs ideas of God. Three major doctrines of the remnant church should guide our musical choices:

1. The Sabbath 2. Christʼs heavenly ministry 3. The Second Coming.

These distinctive doctrines emphasise elements that should be found in the best church music

The Sabbath and Music

The Sabbath emphasizes the distinction between the secular and the holy. It points to God as the One who created us and creates in us a clean heart. Church music should likewise be distinct from secular music in style.

Christʼs Heavenly ministry and Music

Christʼs heavenly ministry brings to mind His sacrifice, holiness, sacredness, solemnity and Christʼs love and care for us. During the judgment and the cleansing of the sanctuary Israel were to “afflict their souls.” (Lev 16:29-30). “To every [thing there is] a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven...a time to mourn, and a time to dance.” (Ecc 3:1-4). Now, during the judgment and the cleansing the heavenly sanctuary, it is not a time to dance.

In the earthly sanctuary only four instruments were used:

  • Trumpets

  • cymbals

  • lyres