Updated: May 30, 2020

What is sin? it your nature or an act of transgression?

It is Satan's constant effort to misrepresent the character of God, the nature of sin, and the real issues at stake in the great controversy" {4SP 385.2}

Sin at its inception was an ACTION.

Lucifer: the first sinner

Sin had its origin in heaven with a created angelic being called Lucifer. He was the covering cherub who chose to go against God. Sin is a mystery. It cannot be explained. Lucifer was created perfect in all his ways until iniquity (sin) was found in him - Ezekiel 28:15. His nature was good, holy, righteous. He was magnificent to look at and every precious stone was his covering including the sardius, topaz, diamond, beryl, onyx, jasper, sapphire, emerald, carbuncle and gold. His heart was lifted up because of his beauty and he corrupted his mind because of his brightness.  

"Before this earth was called into being, God's law existed. Angels are governed by its principles, ..." {AG 102.2 - God's Amazing Grace}

Lucifer's sin was that He coveted something which did not belong to him. He wanted to be like the Most High. Isaiah 14:14 But the commandment said, "thou shalt not covet" and Lucifer coveted.

Therefore, sin at its first entrance into God's universe was an action committed by a being whose nature was perfect and sinless and with that first act of transgression his nature became evil, fallen, sinful. Other angels followed Lucifer's course of action and sinned against God - 2Peter 2:4 

Here we have a situation where angels who were created with perfect natures did something called sin, they transgressed the law of God.

Therefore, every discussion concerning the definition of sin must find its place at sin's first entrance, at its very commencement - a wilful act of transgression by one whose nature was perfect. Sin, therefore, has nothing whatsoever to do with one's nature, state or condition.  

"It is impossible to explain the origin of sin, or to give a reason for its existence. It is an intruder, for whose existence no reason can be given. It is mysterious, unaccountable; to excuse it, is to defend it. Could it be excused, could a cause be shown for its existence, it would cease to be sin. Our only definition of sin is that given in the word of God; it is "the transgression of the law."  {4SP 316.2}

The consequence of that first sin was devastating. The scripture records it thus in Rev 12:9 "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

God creates human nature

And God said let us make man in our image. So the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib which the Lord God had taken from the man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said, this is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

God created human nature. The NATURE of man is threefold and consists of a PHYSICAL body and the  INTELLECTUAL and MORAL powers of the mind.

"It was a wonderful thing for God to create man, to make mind. He created him that every faculty might be the faculty of the divine mind. The glory of God is to be revealed in the creating of man in God’s image, and in his redemption. One soul is of more value than a world. The Lord Jesus is the author of our being, and he is also the author of our redemption; and every one who will enter the kingdom of God must develop a character that is the counterpart of the character of God. None can dwell with God in a holy heaven but those who bear his likeness. Those who are redeemed will be overcomers; they will be elevated, pure, one with Christ.—The Signs of the Times, May 31, 1896. { HL 12.1 } 

The Test

And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and keep it. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Adam & Eve - Pure natures => sin

Adam and Eve, like the angels failed to keep God's commandments. Despite pure and holy natures they too committed an act of transgression and failed the test God had for them. "And when the woman  saw the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

She did something. She took of the fruit... and did eat. He did the same. They both committed an ACT of transgression (sin) and with that act, their natures - the physical and intellectual and moral powers of their makeup became fallen, sinful, evil, depraved, carnal etc. They had tainted the original human nature God had created, by their sin. A further consequence of their sin was, they now possessed physical bodies that were mortal and subject to death.  They both began to die that day.

Sin is an act of transgression & not one's nature

Caught "in the very ACT" of sin

The situation in John 8:3-11 is a classic for the act of sin. "And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst, They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very ACT. Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou? This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not. So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. And they which heard it being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee? She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more. 

The woman (and man whom they did not accuse) was caught in the very act of unlawful intercourse. Someone had spied on them and reported her. She had transgressed the law which said, "Thou shalt not commit adultery".

Notice how Jesus associates this act of adultery with sin when he asks the accusers of the woman - "He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her" and when he tells the woman, "go and sin no more". In this scenario sin is illustrated as an action committed and visible outwardly. Jesus then tells the woman to "go and sin no more".

However, Jesus also taught using the same example of adultery, that sin is an action which can be committed in the mind without any outward visible manifestation. In both instances sin is an ACTION. Notice in the above illustration, the accusers of the woman were "convicted by their own conscience", that they too were just as much sinners as the woman. Maybe some had even lusted after this very same woman. Jesus said: "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Matt 5:27,28.

James 1:14,15 tells us that when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin and sin, when it is finished bringeth forth death. This act of transgression is born and fantasised in the mind of the man. He lusts after the woman and then goes through the motions of intercourse with her in his mind without any physical contact between the two parties. Either way, Sin is an act, one where the woman was caught in the very act and the other where the sexual act is invisible outwardly, occurring in the sphere of the mind. Thinking is an action of the mind.

"therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin" James 4:17

To him that knoweth to DO good and DOETH it not, to him it is sin. The word for "DO" and "DOETH" in Strong's Concordance is the Greek word "poieo", a verb, a doing word which means "to make" or "to do". But what is this GOOD thing that one knows to do which if one does not do is sin. The scriptures teach, "But we know that the law is GOOD, if a man use it lawfully" 1Tim 1:8  Therefore, the doing of the law is considered GOOD and if a man doeth it not to him it is sin. Here sin is again portrayed as an ACTION - the not doing of the good thing which is the law is sin.

"...for whatsoever is not of faith is sin" Romans 14:23

Because without faith it is impossible to please God. And what does not please God? - SIN.  "Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity" Hebrews 1:9 True faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the WORD of God and we know that the WORD of God is a lamp unto our feet and a light unto our path. (Ps:119:105) And we know that the commandment is a lamp and the law is light (Prov 6:23). Therefore, whatsoever is not of the commandment or of the law is sin. But true faith is a faith which WORKETH by love (Gal 5) and love is the fulfilling of the law (Rom 13:10) Therefore whatsoever is not of the fulfilling of the law is not of faith and whatsoever is not of faith is sin. Sin is here again an action of not fulfilling the law. In fact sin is the very opposite of love, the breaking of the law whereas love is the fulfilling of the law or the keeping of the law. Both are actions which involve choices.

"All unrighteousness is sin..." 1John 5:17


What is unrighteousness? The opposite of righteousness. What is righteousness? "Little children, let not man DECEIVE you: he that DOETH righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous". 1John 3:7 The DOING of righteousness results in the RIGHTEOUS state or condition. But what is this righteousness that we must do in order to be declared righteous?  The scripture says: "My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness" Ps 119:172 Hence let's rephrase 1John 3:7 as follows: "Little children, let no man DECEIVE you: he that DOETH the commandments is righteous, even as he is righteous". Therefore the doing of righteousness is none other than the doing of the commandments of God. Hence unrighteousness is the opposite of righteousness and is the NOT doing of the commandments or the breaking of the commandments of God and so the scripture says, "All unrighteousness is sin..." because sin is an action and involves the transgression of the law.

"...for sin is the transgression of the law" 1John 3:4

Sin is the breaking of God's commandments. 1John 3:4 is the true and only definition of sin. No amount of Greek spin on this verse will fix the fact that the verse is telling us that sin is an action, the act of transgressing God's law. Those folk of the "sin is nature" disposition often go to the Greek of 1John 3:4 and interpret the verse in such a way to mean that sin is a state, condition or your nature. They even quote other bible versions such as the American Standard Version to make their point - "Every one that doeth sin doeth also lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness".1John 3:4 But without even going to the Greek one can see that  the verse itself is telling us that sin is an action. It mentions DOETH twice in the verse. It says that everyone that does this thing called sin is also doing lawlessness.

It is interesting when one goes to the Greek of 1John 3:4. The Greek word for the phrase "transgression of the law" in Strong's Concordance has the number G458 next to it and is the word "Anomia"

There are two meanings to the word "Anomia" in Strong's Concordance and each meaning clearly portrays an act of transgression, bold emphasis ours:

Anomia, Strongs G458:

1. the condition of without law

  A. because ignorant of it.

B. because of violating it.

11. contempt and violation of the law, iniquity, wickedness.

It is obvious that both meanings (1 & 11) for the word "Anomia" is as a result of the act of transgressing the law. "Anomia" is contempt for the law and the act of violating God's law as outlined in the second meaning. It has nothing to do with sin as one's nature. 

Leaving "Anomia" aside, the spirit of prophecy tells us: "A terrible doom awaits the sinner, and therefore it is necessary that we know what sin is, in order that we may escape from its power. John says, Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law; for sin is the transgression of the law" (1John 3:4). Here we have the true definition of sin; it is the transgression of the law." How often the sinner is urged to leave his sins, and come to Jesus; but has the messenger who would lead him to Christ clearly pointed out the way? Has he clearly pointed out the fact that "sin is the transgression of the law," and that he must repent and forsake the breaking of God's commandments? ... [FW 117.2]

The testimonies tells us that it is not only the true definition of sin but it is a "FACT" that sin is the transgression of the law, an action, and it further clarifies this by telling us that we must "forsake the breaking of God's commandments".

Furthermore, "Man's conscience has become hardened by sin, and his understanding darkened by transgression, and his judgment has become confused as to what is sin. He has become benumbed by the influence of iniquity, and it is essential that his conscience be aroused to understand that sin is the transgression of God's holy law. He who does not obey the commandments of God is a sinner in the sight of God. [ST June 20, 1895, par 5]

Here the testimonies again define sin as the act of transgressing the law and defines a sinner as someone who does not obey the commandments of God i.e. someone who breaks the commandments of God. Sin is an act of transgression. 

Misapplied  verses  used  to  define sin  as  nature 

"Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit" Matt 7:17

The tree & the fruit

What is the corrupt tree in the verse? Firstly, notice the tree and the fruit are completely different things. It is obvious that the tree bears no semblance to the fruit and the fruit does not look like the tree. The tree in Jesus' illustration is our fallen human nature which is carnal, corrupt, evil. The fruit of that carnal nature is sin which we have seen is the act of transgression of the law. The corrupt tree, our carnal nature will bring forth the evil fruit of sin. Human nature, the tree, and sin, the fruit of the tree are totally different things and not one and the same. Hence sin is not nature and nature is not sin. The carnal nature left to its own devices, disconnected from God is not subject to the law and will always transgress it. The verse has nothing to do with the definition of sin as some would have it. Human nature is not sin.

The human nature God created was tainted by Adam's sin (transgression of the law) - "Thy first father hath sinned and thy teachers have transgressed against me" Isaiah 43:27. That human nature tainted by Adam's sin is what we inherit from him. Baby Jesus like you and I inherited the same human nature and he obtained the victory in that human nature, showing that fallen human nature connected with the divine nature need not sin so there is no excuse for sin. Sin is our own act. We have tainted the fallen nature we inherited from Adam by our own sin, but not so with Jesus. He kept his inherited fallen human nature free from sin, so that "We should have no misgivings in regard to the perfect sinlessness of the human nature of Christ."  {1SM 256.2} 

"Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me" Psalm 51:5

This verse has nothing to do with the definition of sin. To be shapen is to be made. Contrast our being shapen and when Adam was first shapen. When Adam was shapen by the Lord, he was made with a nature that was upright, perfect and righteous. His nature consisted not only of a physical form but he was also made with an intangible aspect to himself - the intellectual and moral powers of the mind. But Adam fell when he sinned. His nature was tainted by his sin and is now sinful / fallen. When we were shapen, we were made with Adam's sinful nature having inherited from him a "misshapen" physical form and intellectual and moral powers of the mind. Hence when the scripture says I was shapen in iniquity, we could not possibly have been made in any other way than with a nature that was sinful and fallen bequeathed to us by Adam through our parents.  Mary, the mother of Jesus like Adam was a sinful fallen human (Luke 1:49) and she similarly passed to Jesus her fallen human nature. Hence the scripture can say "For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, (sarx = sinful nature according to Strong's concordance) and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:" Rom 8:3. 

The Book of Hebrews tells us that Christ "was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death." Heb. 2:9. John 1:14 says that "the Word was made flesh," and Paul describes the nature of that flesh:

"For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh; that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit." Rom. 8:3, 4. If Christ took upon himself the likeness of man, in order that he might suffer death, it must have been sinful man that he was made like, for it is only sin that causes death. Death could have no power over a sinless man, as Adam was in Eden; and it could not have had any power over Christ if the Lord had not laid on him the iniquity of us all. Moreover, the fact that Christ took upon himself the flesh, not of a sinless being, but of sinful man, that is, that the flesh which he assumed had all the weaknesses and sinful tendencies to which fallen human nature is subject, is shown by the few words upon which this article is based. He was "made of the seed of David according to the flesh." David had all the passions of human nature. He says of himself, "Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me." Ps. 51:5. {Paraphrased off The Signs of the Times, October 21, 1889 EJW, SITI 631.4} 

Psalm 51:5 is dealing with our makeup, the sort of human nature we are made of, sinful human nature inherited from fallen Adam.

"Behold, I Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time [that] thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb." Isaiah 48:8

The verse is self explanatory. It does not define what sin is.  The verse says "....thou wast called a transgressor from the womb". It does not say, "...thou wast a transgressor from the womb". The verse is dealing with Israel's obstinacy, her iron neck and brass brow (Isaiah 48:4) Chapter 48 reminds us God knows all things. He knew how Israel would in the future deal treacherously with Him and hence Israel was CALLED a transgressor from the womb. This same Isaiah wrote, "For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings." Isaiah 7:16 Contrary to what some folk think, a newborn baby does not know good or evil, leave alone one that is still in the womb, hence Isaiah 48:8 is speaking of Israel's future treachery and figuratively calling her a transgressor from the womb.

Isaiah 48:8 is similar to Psalm 58:3: "The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies."  There is an inevitability that the carnal human nature estranged from God will go astray and sin, hence the Lord is teaching us about the strength of our carnal natures. We know that babies do not speak lies as soon as they are born so here the Lord is figuratively emphasising the great weakness of our carnal natures by saying we go astray as soon as we are born, speaking lies because like Isaiah 48:8 He knows what treachery (sin) we will get up to in the future. 

None of these verses define sin or tell us that a baby is sin, or that the carnal human nature is sin, if anything it emphasises the great weakness of our human nature and the fact that sin is an act. Note what it says in Isaiah 48:8, "that thou wouldst deal treacherously" and "thou wast called a transgressor". To deal treacherously is to act treacherously and a transgressor is someone who does an act of transgression which in the context of this discussion is to transgress God's law. Sin is an ACT and not human NATURE. Sin is not a person, it comes from a person.

The Spirit of Prophecy

"sin is your own act" 

“It is not in the power of Satan to force anyone to sin. Sin is the sinner's individual act. Before sin exists in the heart, THE CONSENT OF THE WILL MUST BE GIVEN, and as soon as it is given, sin is triumphant, and hell rejoices. But there is no excuse for sin, either great or little.”  E.G. White, The Signs of the Times, 12-18-93.

The implication is obvious - "Before sin exists in the heart the consent of the will must be given..." Hence prior to the will consenting, there is no sin in the heart. The heart is another word for mind and mind is part of human nature. Therefore, human nature cannot be defined as sin as sin does not exist in one's nature unless consented to by the will. 

“The strongest temptation is no excuse for sin. No matter how severe the pressure brought to bear upon you, sin is your own act. The seat of the difficulty is the unrenewed heart.”  {SpTB16 14.1}

"The mirror of God’s law, held up before the sinner, gives him a correct view of his own character. The greater the reverence felt for that law, the keener will be the sense of condemnation on account of sin. Every willful transgression is an act of rebellion against its Author. Every one who assumes this attitude, is by his practice saying to the people, “The requirements of God are exacting and severe, a yoke of bondage. Let us break this yoke from off our necks, and be at liberty.” { ST January 19, 1882, Art. A, par. 13 }

“Said the angel: “If light come, and that light is set aside or rejected, then comes condemnation and the frown of God; but before the light comes, there is no sin for there is no light for them to reject.” E.G. White, Testimonies for the Church Volume One, p116. 

“Christ's righteousness will not cover the unrighteousness of any one. "All unrighteousness is sin," and "sin is the transgression of the law," therefore, those who are breaking the law of God and teaching others to break it, will not be covered with the garments of Christ's righteousness. He came not to save men in their sins; but from their sins.  .....” {RH, July 24, 1888 par. 12} 

“Christ will come to consume the false prophet, to sweep away the hosts of apostasy, to take vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of God; and it is of the highest importance to each one of us that we know the conditions by which we shall escape the sinner's doom. It is of the greatest moment that we understand the nature of our fall and the consequences of transgression. Man's conscience has become hardened by sin, and his understanding darkened by transgression, and his judgment has become confused as to what is sin. He has become benumbed by the influence of iniquity, and it is essential that his conscience be aroused to understand that sin is the transgression of God's holy law. He who does not obey the commandments of God is a sinner in the sight of God.” {ST, June 20, 1895 par. 5} 

"The burdens placed upon Moses were very great. Few men will ever be so severely tried as he was. Yet this was not allowed to excuse his sin. However great the pressure brought upon the soul, transgression is our own act. It is not in the power of earth or hell to compel anyone to do evil. However severe or unexpected the assault, God has provided help for us, and in His strength we may conquer." { EP 294.2 } 

"By faith and prayer all may meet the requirements of the gospel. No man can be forced to transgress. His own consent must be first gained; the soul must purpose the sinful act, before passion can dominate over reason, or iniquity triumph over conscience. Temptation, however strong, is never an excuse for sin. “The eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and His ears are open unto their prayers.” Cry unto the Lord, tempted soul. Cast yourself, helpless, unworthy, upon Jesus, and claim His very promise. The Lord will hear. He knows how strong are the inclinations of the natural heart, and He will help in every time of temptation." { MYP 67.1}   

"As the sacrifice in our behalf was complete, so our restoration from the defilement of sin is to be complete. No act of wickedness will the law of God excuse; no unrighteousness can escape its condemnation. The ethics of the gospel acknowledge no standard but the perfection of the divine character. The life of Christ was a perfect fulfillment of every precept of the law. He said, “I have kept My Father’s commandments.” His life is our example of obedience and service. God alone can renew the heart. “It is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of His good pleasure.” But we are bidden, “Work out your own salvation.” John 15:10; Philippians 2:13, 12. { MH 451.3}

"The strongest temptation is no excuse for sin. However great the pressure brought to bear upon the soul, transgression is our own act. It is not in the power of earth or hell to compel any one to sin. The will must consent, the heart must yield, or passion cannot overbear reason, nor iniquity triumph over righteousness." { Mar 225.5}

"It seemed a small matter to our first parents to do only one little act which God had forbidden,—to take from the forbidden tree the fruit so attractive to the eye and pleasant to the taste; but by this one act they forfeited their allegiance to God, the great lawgiver, and opened the flood-gates of misery to the world. God alone can measure the evils which may result from one wrong step,—evils which at the critical moment the tempted soul does not consider. The only safeguard for frail, erring man is to obey, without hesitation or argument, the expressed will of God, regardless of all promise of pleasure or profit as the reward of sin. When God speaks, it is enough." { ST January 13, 1881, par. 16}

"None of the apostles or prophets claimed to be without sin. Men who have lived nearest to God, men who would sacrifice life itself rather than knowingly commit a wrong act, men whom God has honored with divine light and power, have confessed the sinfulness of their own nature. They have put no confidence in the flesh, have claimed no righteousness of their own, but have trusted wholly in the righteousness of Christ. So will it be with all who behold Christ." { LSMS 121.3 }

"No matter how great the pressure brought on a person, sinning is our own act. It is not in the power of earth or hell to force anyone to do evil. No matter how severe or unexpected the temptation, God has provided help for us, and in His strength we may conquer." { BOE 206.6 }

“Sin is the most fearful thing in the whole universe. So fearful is it that it could be pardoned only by the sacrifice of the Son of the infinite God. If unpardoned, it must be followed by eternal death. There is a time coming when every unrepentant transgressor of God's law will know what it means to be a sinner, standing in God's sight uncovered, without the robe of Christ's righteousness, and with a full sense that there is no power in the law to save the transgressor.”  {RH, August 9, 1898 par. 16}

Sentiments  as  a  result

of believing that your condition, state or human nature is sin, - Professed Christianity

“Existence is itself a state of sin; to be born is to be qualified for eternal punishment.” Catholic Jesuit, Peter de Rosa, Vicars of Christ, pg. 452. 

"There is often a debate about whether or not babies will be saved but the fact is, even the newborn babies cannot be saved unless their natures are renewed by God's spirit. As they come from the womb they are naturally depraved and unfit to live." "What makes men sinners" David Clayton

"There is a never-ending hell, And never-dying pains; Where children must with demons dwell, In darkness, fire, and chains. Have faith the same with endless shame, To all the human race; For hell is crammed with infants damned, Without a day of grace." -- Dr Watts. {August 22, 1865 Ur Se, ARSH 91.11}

"Beware of that natural heart, it will deceive you every time. Let God's word shine the light on it and you find sin right there before you even choose to commit a wrong act". The Nature of Sin - Prove all things. Nader Mansour  You tube video at 7.25 mins

"Rev Jonathan Edwards says: "Reprobate infants are vipers of vengeance, which Jehovah will

hold over hell in the tongs of his wrath, until they turn and spit venom in his face." {August 22, 1865 UrSe, ARSH 91.8}

"it could mean that all sinned, when Adam sinned. In other words, that Adam's sin was passed on to all men, that is to say that one man sinned and by way of his single action, all of us were made sinners." "What makes men sinners" David Clayton

And John Calvin, of Servetus memory, disposes of juvenile infants as sinners without ceremony. He tells us: "Children bring then condemnation with them from their mother's womb, being liable to punishment, not for the sins of another, but for their own; for, although they have not yet produced the fruits of their iniquity, they have the seeds enclosed in themselves; nay, then whole nature is, as it were, a seed of sin; therefore it can but be odious and abominable to God." {August 22, 1865 UrSe, ARSH 91.9}

"We all sinned when Adam sinned. You want proof? We all keep dying. We're under the reign of death. If you don't believe that show me a child that can live without dying." - Nader Mansour You tube Video "The Limited Gospel" @ 13.47mins 

Why  do  babies  die?

because they possess mortal bodies and not because of the error that they are sinners!

One of the arguments for "sin is your nature" is that babies die. Folk reason that sinners die, therefore, babies who die at birth or in the womb must be sinners from the moment they are conceived.

They reason that: 

1. "We all sinned when Adam sinned.." Nader Mansour as quoted above.

2. "...even the newborn babies cannot be saved unless their natures are renewed by God's spirit. As they come from the womb they are naturally depraved and unfit to live." "What makes men sinners" David Clayton

3. "it could mean that all sinned, when Adam sinned. In other words, that Adam's sin was passed on to all men, that is to say that one man sinned and by way of his single action, all of us were made sinners." "What makes men sinners" David Clayton 

Hence two reasons are given by the "sin is nature" proponents as to why babies die:

1. They sinned when Adam sinned, therefore, babies are sinners. Babies inherited Adam's "original sin".

2. Their human nature is such that they are unfit to live. The only reason anyone is unfit to live is because of sin, it goes to follow that their nature is sin and therefore,  babies are "...unfit to live". - for the wages of sin is death. And the sin they inherited was Adam's sin.

This line of thinking is as "Original sin" as the Pope is Catholic.

Death is contingent upon the error that babies MUST be SINNERS in order for them to die. But the reasoning is faulty and mischievous. Babies die because they have inherited something from fallen Adam that results in death. 

What do babies inherit from fallen Adam?

1. A fallen, sinful human nature.

2. A mortal physical body as part of that nature.

The reason why babies or anyone dies is because we have inherited from fallen Adam a body that is mortal, one subject to death. We do NOT inherit Adam's sin as the reason why we die. When Adam and Eve sinned their bodies became mortal. Babies do not die because they are sinners in some strange convoluted way but for the fact they inherited mortal bodies from fallen Adam. Bodies which age from the moment they are born. The baby grows and matures into adulthood when growth ceases and then in the natural scheme of things, the body declines into old age and eventually dies.

It is obvious that babies do not commit sin. The first death is for the reason given above - our mortal bodies. If babies are not sinners then do they need a saviour if they die at birth? Of course they do. They need Christ the saviour just as much as an adult who wilfully transgresses the law. Babies are classed as innocents, not having sinned, who need to be resurrected by Christ from the death suffered as a result of their mortal inheritance from Adam and not because of the erroneous belief that they are somehow sinners or because their nature is sin. 

Was Christ resurrected? Yes He was. Why was He resurrected? Because He did no sin. He was innocent like all babies while at the same time possessing a sinful fallen human nature. Get the point? His fallen human nature was not sin for which those sentiments above about babies would have condemned him to hell.

Christ possessed a sinful, fallen human nature and a mortal physical body, neither of which condemned Him to hell or labelled him as unfit to live or a sinner. He took upon him our sins, our transgressions. He became our sin bearer and was labelled a transgressor in that sense.

Babies  are  Innocent

Sin is the act of transgressing God's law. All are agreed that babies have not transgressed the law. Babies do not commit sin. They do not know good and evil. Some have charged that babies are sinners. That they are not fit to live.

The word sinner is a noun and has the following meaning in Noah Websters 1828 dictionary:

1. One that has voluntarily violated the divine law; a moral agent who has voluntarily disobeyed any divine precept, or neglected any known duty.

2. It is used in contradistinction to saint, to denote an unregenerate person; one who has not received the pardon of his sins.

3. AN offender; a criminal.

There is no other meaning for the word sinner and the testimony is consistent with the meaning - "He who does not obey the commandments of God is a sinner in the sight of God.” {ST, June 20, 1895 par. 5} 

Babies cannot by any stretch of the imagination fit the above meanings for the word sinner. The charge that babies are sinners deserving of death and unfit to live is, therefore, a false one straight from the wine of Babylon. Babies are innocent of the charge. They are classed as "innocents" in the plan of salvation. They die as a result of having inherited from fallen Adam a mortal body. They need a saviour in Jesus Christ to rescue them from death, being innocent of any charge.


1. Sin at its very first appearance in heaven was (and still is) an ACTION on one's part.

2. Lucifer, the first sinner, was created with a pure, holy and perfect NATURE.

3. Lucifer did something called SIN and was cast out of heaven.

4. This action tainted his holy nature, resulting in a sinful, fallen nature.

5. Adam and Eve were created with pure, holy and perfect NATURES.

6. They too DID something called SIN - an action and were cast out of the garden.

7. The action of sin resulted in sinful, fallen natures for the pair.

8. SIN and NATURE are, therefore, completely separate and different entities.

9. Nature is the makeup of the individual and SIN is the action the individual engages in.

10. Sin AFFECTED human nature negatively resulting in evil propensities and habits.

11. Habits due to repeated transgression.

12. Whether one's nature is sinless (prefall Lucifer & Adam) or sinful, both commit SIN.

13. Sin therefore cannot be defined as nature.

14. Neither can human nature be defined as sin.

15. Folk disregard the above defining events after creation & teach Sin is Nature.

16. This is where the error lies & everything downstream is built on this false premise.

17. Hence the human nature of Jesus is interfered with & changed to fit the rhetoric.

18. The definition of sin changes to "more than" 1John 3:4 to fit the "sin is nature" motif.

19. With "sin is nature", babies who die are born sinners, lost & condemned to hellfire.

20. One proponent said, babies who die, the will be like the wicked, as though they never existed.

The Bible teaches: "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness". 1John 1:9

It doesn't say: "If we confess our sinful natures....."

So Mothers (and dads) beware of anyone promoting a gospel that tells you your baby is a sinner from birth or even in the womb, unfit to live and worthy of death and condemned to hell fire should your baby die prematurely or at birth.

God bless.

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